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Lung Cancer, Lymphadenopathy
Juliana Bueno, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Clinical Issues

        • Diagnostic Checklist

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Abnormal enlargement &/or morphologic appearance of mediastinal &/or hilar lymph nodes
            • Lymph nodes not included in tumor-node-metastasis (TNM)-7 nomenclature
              • Axillary, subpectoral, internal mammary, diaphragmatic, and abdominal

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                        • Reporting Tips

                                          Selected References

                                          1. El-Sherief AH et al: International association for the study of lung cancer (IASLC) lymph node map: radiologic review with CT illustration. Radiographics. 34(6):1680-91, 2014
                                          2. Koyama H et al: Magnetic resonance imaging for lung cancer. J Thorac Imaging. 28(3):138-50, 2013
                                          3. Nair A et al: Revisions to the TNM staging of non-small cell lung cancer: rationale, clinicoradiologic implications, and persistent limitations. Radiographics. 31(1):215-38, 2011
                                          4. UyBico SJ et al: Lung cancer staging essentials: the new TNM staging system and potential imaging pitfalls. Radiographics. 30(5):1163-81, 2010
                                          5. Sharma A et al: Patterns of lymphadenopathy in thoracic malignancies. Radiographics. 24(2):419-34, 2004
                                          6. Pieterman RM et al: Preoperative staging of non-small-cell lung cancer with positron-emission tomography. N Engl J Med. 343(4):254-61, 2000
                                          7. Valk PE et al: Staging non-small cell lung cancer by whole-body positron emission tomographic imaging. Ann Thorac Surg. 60(6):1573-81; discussion 1581-2, 1995
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                              • Clinical Issues

                                                • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Abnormal enlargement &/or morphologic appearance of mediastinal &/or hilar lymph nodes
                                                    • Lymph nodes not included in tumor-node-metastasis (TNM)-7 nomenclature
                                                      • Axillary, subpectoral, internal mammary, diaphragmatic, and abdominal

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Radiographic Findings

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                            • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                    • Presentation

                                                                      • Demographics

                                                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                          • Treatment

                                                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                            • Consider

                                                                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                • Reporting Tips

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. El-Sherief AH et al: International association for the study of lung cancer (IASLC) lymph node map: radiologic review with CT illustration. Radiographics. 34(6):1680-91, 2014
                                                                                  2. Koyama H et al: Magnetic resonance imaging for lung cancer. J Thorac Imaging. 28(3):138-50, 2013
                                                                                  3. Nair A et al: Revisions to the TNM staging of non-small cell lung cancer: rationale, clinicoradiologic implications, and persistent limitations. Radiographics. 31(1):215-38, 2011
                                                                                  4. UyBico SJ et al: Lung cancer staging essentials: the new TNM staging system and potential imaging pitfalls. Radiographics. 30(5):1163-81, 2010
                                                                                  5. Sharma A et al: Patterns of lymphadenopathy in thoracic malignancies. Radiographics. 24(2):419-34, 2004
                                                                                  6. Pieterman RM et al: Preoperative staging of non-small-cell lung cancer with positron-emission tomography. N Engl J Med. 343(4):254-61, 2000
                                                                                  7. Valk PE et al: Staging non-small cell lung cancer by whole-body positron emission tomographic imaging. Ann Thorac Surg. 60(6):1573-81; discussion 1581-2, 1995