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Lung Volume Reduction Surgery
Carol C. Wu, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS)
          • Definitions

            • Treatment of severe emphysema by removing approximately 20-35% of peripheral, emphysematous parenchyma from each lung
            • Decreases lung volume
            • Improves elastic recoil of remaining lung
            • Improves mechanics of diaphragm & intercostal muscles

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Demographics

                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                            • Treatment

                              Selected References

                              1. Sardenberg RA et al: Lung volume reduction surgery: an overview. Rev Assoc Med Bras. 56(6):719-23, 2010
                              2. Sciurba FC et al: A randomized study of endobronchial valves for advanced emphysema. N Engl J Med. 363(13):1233-44, 2010
                              3. Mora JI et al: Lung volume reduction surgery and lung transplantation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 3(4):629-35, 2008
                              4. Washko GR et al: Radiographic evaluation of the potential lung volume reduction surgery candidate. Proc Am Thorac Soc. 5(4):421-6, 2008
                              5. Screaton NJ et al: Lung volume reduction surgery for emphysema: What the radiologist needs to know. Clin Radiol. 61(3):237-49, 2006
                              Related Anatomy
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                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                              References
                              Tables

                              Tables

                              KEY FACTS

                              • Terminology

                                • Imaging

                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                    • Clinical Issues

                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                      • Abbreviations

                                        • Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS)
                                      • Definitions

                                        • Treatment of severe emphysema by removing approximately 20-35% of peripheral, emphysematous parenchyma from each lung
                                        • Decreases lung volume
                                        • Improves elastic recoil of remaining lung
                                        • Improves mechanics of diaphragm & intercostal muscles

                                      IMAGING

                                      • General Features

                                        • Radiographic Findings

                                          • CT Findings

                                            • MR Findings

                                              • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                    • Demographics

                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                        • Treatment

                                                          Selected References

                                                          1. Sardenberg RA et al: Lung volume reduction surgery: an overview. Rev Assoc Med Bras. 56(6):719-23, 2010
                                                          2. Sciurba FC et al: A randomized study of endobronchial valves for advanced emphysema. N Engl J Med. 363(13):1233-44, 2010
                                                          3. Mora JI et al: Lung volume reduction surgery and lung transplantation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 3(4):629-35, 2008
                                                          4. Washko GR et al: Radiographic evaluation of the potential lung volume reduction surgery candidate. Proc Am Thorac Soc. 5(4):421-6, 2008
                                                          5. Screaton NJ et al: Lung volume reduction surgery for emphysema: What the radiologist needs to know. Clin Radiol. 61(3):237-49, 2006