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Lymph Nodes and Lymphatics
Mohammad Eghtedari, MD, PhD; Wei Tse Yang, MBBS
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ANATOMY IMAGING ISSUES

  • Anatomy of Lymph Node

    • Imaging Assessments

      GENERAL CONCEPTS

      • Breast Lymphatic Drainage

        • Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy

          • Preoperative Nodal Staging

            MAJOR LYMPH NODE GROUPS

            • Axillary Lymph Nodes

              • Internal Mammary (Parasternal) Nodes

                • Supraclavicular Nodes

                  • Surgical Axillary Lymph Node Levels

                    • Intramammary Lymph Nodes

                      IMAGING ISSUES

                      • Mammography

                        • Ultrasound

                          • MR

                            • PET/CT

                              • Lymphoscintigraphy (Optional)

                                • Targeted Axillary Dissection

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Grimm LJ et al: Normal axillary lymph node variability between white and black women on breast MRI. Acad Radiol. 25(3):305-308, 2018
                                  2. Amin M et al: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual, 8th ed. 595-600; Springer, 2017
                                  3. Shin K et al: Radiologic mapping for targeted axillary dissection: Needle biopsy to excision. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 207(6):1372-1379, 2016
                                  4. Dogan BE et al: Sonography and sonographically guided needle biopsy of internal mammary nodes in staging of patients with breast cancer. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 205(4):905-11, 2015
                                  5. Lane DL et al: Role of sonography for the locoregional staging of breast cancer. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 203(5):1132-41, 2014
                                  6. Yang WT. Staging of breast cancer with ultrasound. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 32(4):331-41, 2011
                                  Related Anatomy
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                                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                  References
                                  Tables

                                  Tables

                                  ANATOMY IMAGING ISSUES

                                  • Anatomy of Lymph Node

                                    • Imaging Assessments

                                      GENERAL CONCEPTS

                                      • Breast Lymphatic Drainage

                                        • Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy

                                          • Preoperative Nodal Staging

                                            MAJOR LYMPH NODE GROUPS

                                            • Axillary Lymph Nodes

                                              • Internal Mammary (Parasternal) Nodes

                                                • Supraclavicular Nodes

                                                  • Surgical Axillary Lymph Node Levels

                                                    • Intramammary Lymph Nodes

                                                      IMAGING ISSUES

                                                      • Mammography

                                                        • Ultrasound

                                                          • MR

                                                            • PET/CT

                                                              • Lymphoscintigraphy (Optional)

                                                                • Targeted Axillary Dissection

                                                                  Selected References

                                                                  1. Grimm LJ et al: Normal axillary lymph node variability between white and black women on breast MRI. Acad Radiol. 25(3):305-308, 2018
                                                                  2. Amin M et al: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual, 8th ed. 595-600; Springer, 2017
                                                                  3. Shin K et al: Radiologic mapping for targeted axillary dissection: Needle biopsy to excision. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 207(6):1372-1379, 2016
                                                                  4. Dogan BE et al: Sonography and sonographically guided needle biopsy of internal mammary nodes in staging of patients with breast cancer. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 205(4):905-11, 2015
                                                                  5. Lane DL et al: Role of sonography for the locoregional staging of breast cancer. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 203(5):1132-41, 2014
                                                                  6. Yang WT. Staging of breast cancer with ultrasound. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 32(4):331-41, 2011