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Lymphangioma (Mesenteric Cyst)
Siva P. Raman, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Lymphoepithelial cyst, cystic lymphangioma, mesenteric cyst, lymphatic malformation
            • Definitions

              • Congenital benign malformation of lymphatic system arising due to failure of embryologic lymphatic development
              • Generic descriptive term for benign congenital cystic mass arising in mesentery or omentum

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • CT Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Consider

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Gümüştaş OG et al: Retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma: a diagnostic and surgical challenge. Case Rep Pediatr. 2013:292053, 2013
                                    2. Kwag E et al: CT features of generalized lymphangiomatosis in adult patients. Clin Imaging. 37(4):723-7, 2013
                                    3. Rajiah P et al: Imaging of uncommon retroperitoneal masses. Radiographics. 31(4):949-76, 2011
                                    4. Hachisuga M et al: Prenatal diagnosis of a retroperitoneal lymphangioma: a case and review. Fetal Diagn Ther. 24(3):177-81, 2008
                                    5. Rani DV et al: Unusual presentation of a retroperitoneal lymphangioma. Indian J Pediatr. 73(7):617-8, 2006
                                    6. Chan IYF et al: Retroperitoneal lymphangioma in an adult. J HK Coll Radiol 6:94-96, 2003
                                    7. de Perrot M et al: Mesenteric cysts. Toward less confusion? Dig Surg. 17(4):323-8, 2000
                                    8. Stoupis C et al: Bubbles in the belly: imaging of cystic mesenteric or omental masses. Radiographics. 14(4):729-37, 1994
                                    9. Dyer R et al: Cystic retroperitoneal lymphangioma: CT, ultrasound, and MR findings. Pediatr Radiol 23:305-306, 1993
                                    10. Ros PR et al: Mesenteric and omental cysts: histologic classification with imaging correlation. Radiology. 164(2):327-32, 1987
                                    11. Vanek VW et al: Retroperitoneal, mesenteric, and omental cysts. Arch Surg. 119(7):838-42, 1984
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Clinical Issues

                                            • Diagnostic Checklist

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Synonyms

                                                • Lymphoepithelial cyst, cystic lymphangioma, mesenteric cyst, lymphatic malformation
                                              • Definitions

                                                • Congenital benign malformation of lymphatic system arising due to failure of embryologic lymphatic development
                                                • Generic descriptive term for benign congenital cystic mass arising in mesentery or omentum

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • CT Findings

                                                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                    • MR Findings

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                            • Microscopic Features

                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                              • Presentation

                                                                • Demographics

                                                                  • Treatment

                                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                    • Consider

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Gümüştaş OG et al: Retroperitoneal cystic lymphangioma: a diagnostic and surgical challenge. Case Rep Pediatr. 2013:292053, 2013
                                                                      2. Kwag E et al: CT features of generalized lymphangiomatosis in adult patients. Clin Imaging. 37(4):723-7, 2013
                                                                      3. Rajiah P et al: Imaging of uncommon retroperitoneal masses. Radiographics. 31(4):949-76, 2011
                                                                      4. Hachisuga M et al: Prenatal diagnosis of a retroperitoneal lymphangioma: a case and review. Fetal Diagn Ther. 24(3):177-81, 2008
                                                                      5. Rani DV et al: Unusual presentation of a retroperitoneal lymphangioma. Indian J Pediatr. 73(7):617-8, 2006
                                                                      6. Chan IYF et al: Retroperitoneal lymphangioma in an adult. J HK Coll Radiol 6:94-96, 2003
                                                                      7. de Perrot M et al: Mesenteric cysts. Toward less confusion? Dig Surg. 17(4):323-8, 2000
                                                                      8. Stoupis C et al: Bubbles in the belly: imaging of cystic mesenteric or omental masses. Radiographics. 14(4):729-37, 1994
                                                                      9. Dyer R et al: Cystic retroperitoneal lymphangioma: CT, ultrasound, and MR findings. Pediatr Radiol 23:305-306, 1993
                                                                      10. Ros PR et al: Mesenteric and omental cysts: histologic classification with imaging correlation. Radiology. 164(2):327-32, 1987
                                                                      11. Vanek VW et al: Retroperitoneal, mesenteric, and omental cysts. Arch Surg. 119(7):838-42, 1984