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Lymphatic Malformation
Eunice Y. L. Dai, MBBS, FRCR; H. Y. Yuen, MBChB, FRCR; Anil T. Ahuja, MD, FRCR
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Diagnostic Checklist

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Abbreviations

          • Lymphatic malformation (LM)
        • Synonyms

          • Vascular malformation, lymphatic type
          • Lymphangioma and cystic hygroma (old terms)
          • Venolymphatic malformation, combined elements of venous malformation and LM in same mass
        • Definitions

          • Congenital vascular malformation composed of embryonic sacs

        IMAGING

        • General Features

          • Ultrasonographic Findings

            • Radiographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                        Selected References

                                        1. Steinklein JM et al: Imaging of vascular lesions of the head and neck. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 51(1):55-76, 2018
                                        2. Güneyli S et al: Imaging findings of vascular lesions in the head and neck. Diagn Interv Radiol. 20(5):432-7, 2014
                                        3. Harnsberger HR et al: Diagnostic Imaging: Head & Neck. 2nd ed. Salt Lake City: Amirsys, Inc. III-1-6-9, 2011
                                        4. Ahuja AT et al: Diagnostic Imaging: Ultrasound. 1st ed. Salt Lake City: Amirsys, Inc. 11-92-97, 2007
                                        5. Ahuja AT et al: Practical Head & Neck Ultrasound. London: Greenwich Medical Media. 85-104, 2000
                                        Related Anatomy
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                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Diagnostic Checklist

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Abbreviations

                                                • Lymphatic malformation (LM)
                                              • Synonyms

                                                • Vascular malformation, lymphatic type
                                                • Lymphangioma and cystic hygroma (old terms)
                                                • Venolymphatic malformation, combined elements of venous malformation and LM in same mass
                                              • Definitions

                                                • Congenital vascular malformation composed of embryonic sacs

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                  • Radiographic Findings

                                                    • CT Findings

                                                      • MR Findings

                                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                            PATHOLOGY

                                                            • General Features

                                                              • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                • Microscopic Features

                                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                  • Presentation

                                                                    • Demographics

                                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                        • Treatment

                                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                          • Consider

                                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. Steinklein JM et al: Imaging of vascular lesions of the head and neck. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 51(1):55-76, 2018
                                                                              2. Güneyli S et al: Imaging findings of vascular lesions in the head and neck. Diagn Interv Radiol. 20(5):432-7, 2014
                                                                              3. Harnsberger HR et al: Diagnostic Imaging: Head & Neck. 2nd ed. Salt Lake City: Amirsys, Inc. III-1-6-9, 2011
                                                                              4. Ahuja AT et al: Diagnostic Imaging: Ultrasound. 1st ed. Salt Lake City: Amirsys, Inc. 11-92-97, 2007
                                                                              5. Ahuja AT et al: Practical Head & Neck Ultrasound. London: Greenwich Medical Media. 85-104, 2000