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Lymphocele of Neck
Bronwyn E. Hamilton, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Lymphatic cyst, lymphocyst, chylocele, chyloma, chylous cyst, (distal) thoracic duct cyst
              • Definitions

                • Benign lymph-filled cyst formed from leaking disrupted lymphatic channels

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Consider

                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                      • Reporting Tips

                                        Selected References

                                        1. Warren PS et al: Percutaneous transcervical thoracic duct embolization for treatment of a cervical lymphocele following anterior spinal fusion: a case report. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 24(12):1901-5, 2013
                                        2. Hamilton BE et al: Characteristic imaging findings in lymphoceles of the head and neck. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 197(6):1431-5, 2011
                                        3. Wang YA et al: Spontaneous thoracic duct cyst presenting as a left supraclavicular mass - report of a case and review of literature. Phlebology. 24(2):82-4, 2009
                                        4. Roh JL et al: OK-432 sclerotherapy of cervical chylous lymphocele after neck dissection. Laryngoscope. 118(6):999-1002, 2008
                                        5. Ceylan A et al: Neck swelling following a vigorous neck massage. Diagnosis: cervical lymphocele. Neth J Med. 2007 Jun;65(6):219, 221. Erratum in: Neth J Med. 65(9):338, 2007
                                        6. Hekiert A et al: Spontaneous cervical lymphocele. Head Neck. 29(1):77-80, 2007
                                        7. Moesgaard L et al: Cervical thoracic duct cyst: a differential diagnosis of left supraclavicular swelling. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 264(7):797-9, 2007
                                        8. Nouwen J et al: Lymphocele after neck dissection. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 113(1):39-42, 2004
                                        9. Podbielski FJ et al: Spontaneous right cervicothoracic lymphocoele. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 125(3):736-7, 2003
                                        10. Ray J et al: Spontaneous thoracic duct cyst. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 260(5):280-2, 2003
                                        11. Lecanu JB et al: Lymphocele of the thoracic duct presenting as a left supraclavicular mass: a case report and review of the literature. Auris Nasus Larynx. 28(3):275-7, 2001
                                        12. Myers LL et al: Unilocular cervical lymphatic cyst in an adult. Am J Otolaryngol. 21(6):412-5, 2000
                                        Related Anatomy
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                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Terminology

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                              • Pathology

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Synonyms

                                                      • Lymphatic cyst, lymphocyst, chylocele, chyloma, chylous cyst, (distal) thoracic duct cyst
                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Benign lymph-filled cyst formed from leaking disrupted lymphatic channels

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                    • Presentation

                                                                      • Treatment

                                                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                        • Consider

                                                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                            • Reporting Tips

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. Warren PS et al: Percutaneous transcervical thoracic duct embolization for treatment of a cervical lymphocele following anterior spinal fusion: a case report. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 24(12):1901-5, 2013
                                                                              2. Hamilton BE et al: Characteristic imaging findings in lymphoceles of the head and neck. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 197(6):1431-5, 2011
                                                                              3. Wang YA et al: Spontaneous thoracic duct cyst presenting as a left supraclavicular mass - report of a case and review of literature. Phlebology. 24(2):82-4, 2009
                                                                              4. Roh JL et al: OK-432 sclerotherapy of cervical chylous lymphocele after neck dissection. Laryngoscope. 118(6):999-1002, 2008
                                                                              5. Ceylan A et al: Neck swelling following a vigorous neck massage. Diagnosis: cervical lymphocele. Neth J Med. 2007 Jun;65(6):219, 221. Erratum in: Neth J Med. 65(9):338, 2007
                                                                              6. Hekiert A et al: Spontaneous cervical lymphocele. Head Neck. 29(1):77-80, 2007
                                                                              7. Moesgaard L et al: Cervical thoracic duct cyst: a differential diagnosis of left supraclavicular swelling. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 264(7):797-9, 2007
                                                                              8. Nouwen J et al: Lymphocele after neck dissection. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 113(1):39-42, 2004
                                                                              9. Podbielski FJ et al: Spontaneous right cervicothoracic lymphocoele. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 125(3):736-7, 2003
                                                                              10. Ray J et al: Spontaneous thoracic duct cyst. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 260(5):280-2, 2003
                                                                              11. Lecanu JB et al: Lymphocele of the thoracic duct presenting as a left supraclavicular mass: a case report and review of the literature. Auris Nasus Larynx. 28(3):275-7, 2001
                                                                              12. Myers LL et al: Unilocular cervical lymphatic cyst in an adult. Am J Otolaryngol. 21(6):412-5, 2000