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Mandible-Maxilla Chondrosarcoma
C. Grace Petrikowski, DDS, MSc, FRCD(C)
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Abbreviations

                • Chondrosarcoma (CS)
              • Synonyms

                • Chondrogenic sarcoma
              • Definitions

                • Malignant tumor arising from cartilage cells
                • Can occur centrally in bone, on periphery of bone (parosteal CS), or in soft tissue
                • Accounts for 11% of all primary malignant tumors, 2nd most common sarcoma after osteogenic sarcoma

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                  • Microscopic Features

                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                    • Presentation

                                      • Demographics

                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                          • Treatment

                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                            • Consider

                                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                Selected References

                                                1. Chen Y et al: Myxoid chondrosarcoma of the mandible in a 22-year-old man: A case report. Mol Clin Oncol. 5(3):237-240, 2016
                                                2. Coca-Pelaz A et al: Chondrosarcomas of the head and neck. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 271(10):2601-9, 2014
                                                3. Kumar M et al: Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma of posterior maxilla: report of a case with brief literature review. Ann Med Health Sci Res. 4(Suppl 1):S49-52, 2014
                                                4. Pontes HA et al: Clinicopathological analysis of head and neck chondrosarcoma: three case reports and literature review. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 41(2):203-10, 2012
                                                5. Mohammadinezhad C: Chondrosarcoma of the jaw. J Craniofac Surg. 20(6):2097-100, 2009
                                                6. Sammartino G et al: Chondrosarcoma of the jaw: a closer look at its management. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 66(11):2349-55, 2008
                                                7. Bernasconi G et al: Parosteal chondrosarcoma, a very rare condition of the mandibular condyle. Clin Imaging. 28(1):64-8, 2004
                                                8. Gorsky M et al: Craniofacial osseous and chondromatous sarcomas in British Columbia--a review of 34 cases. Oral Oncol. 36(1):27-31, 2000
                                                9. Anil S et al: Chondrosarcoma of the maxilla. Case report. Aust Dent J. 43(3):172-4, 1998
                                                10. Saito K et al: Chondrosarcoma of the jaw and facial bones. Cancer. 76(9):1550-8, 1995
                                                11. Takahashi K et al: Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma of the jaw--report of a case and review of 41 cases in the literature. Head Neck. 15(5):459-64, 1993
                                                12. Hackney FL et al: Chondrosarcoma of the jaws: clinical findings, histopathology, and treatment. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 71(2):139-43, 1991
                                                13. Garrington GE et al: Chondrosarcoma. I. A selected literature review. J Oral Pathol. 17(1):1-11, 1988
                                                14. Garrington GE et al: Chondrosarcoma. II. Chondrosarcoma of the jaws: analysis of 37 cases. J Oral Pathol. 17(1):12-20, 1988
                                                Related Anatomy
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                                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                                References
                                                Tables

                                                Tables

                                                KEY FACTS

                                                • Terminology

                                                  • Imaging

                                                    • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                      • Pathology

                                                        • Clinical Issues

                                                          • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                                            • Abbreviations

                                                              • Chondrosarcoma (CS)
                                                            • Synonyms

                                                              • Chondrogenic sarcoma
                                                            • Definitions

                                                              • Malignant tumor arising from cartilage cells
                                                              • Can occur centrally in bone, on periphery of bone (parosteal CS), or in soft tissue
                                                              • Accounts for 11% of all primary malignant tumors, 2nd most common sarcoma after osteogenic sarcoma

                                                            IMAGING

                                                            • General Features

                                                              • Radiographic Findings

                                                                • CT Findings

                                                                  • MR Findings

                                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                      • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                                          • General Features

                                                                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                                • Microscopic Features

                                                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                                  • Presentation

                                                                                    • Demographics

                                                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                        • Treatment

                                                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                          • Consider

                                                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                              Selected References

                                                                                              1. Chen Y et al: Myxoid chondrosarcoma of the mandible in a 22-year-old man: A case report. Mol Clin Oncol. 5(3):237-240, 2016
                                                                                              2. Coca-Pelaz A et al: Chondrosarcomas of the head and neck. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 271(10):2601-9, 2014
                                                                                              3. Kumar M et al: Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma of posterior maxilla: report of a case with brief literature review. Ann Med Health Sci Res. 4(Suppl 1):S49-52, 2014
                                                                                              4. Pontes HA et al: Clinicopathological analysis of head and neck chondrosarcoma: three case reports and literature review. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 41(2):203-10, 2012
                                                                                              5. Mohammadinezhad C: Chondrosarcoma of the jaw. J Craniofac Surg. 20(6):2097-100, 2009
                                                                                              6. Sammartino G et al: Chondrosarcoma of the jaw: a closer look at its management. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 66(11):2349-55, 2008
                                                                                              7. Bernasconi G et al: Parosteal chondrosarcoma, a very rare condition of the mandibular condyle. Clin Imaging. 28(1):64-8, 2004
                                                                                              8. Gorsky M et al: Craniofacial osseous and chondromatous sarcomas in British Columbia--a review of 34 cases. Oral Oncol. 36(1):27-31, 2000
                                                                                              9. Anil S et al: Chondrosarcoma of the maxilla. Case report. Aust Dent J. 43(3):172-4, 1998
                                                                                              10. Saito K et al: Chondrosarcoma of the jaw and facial bones. Cancer. 76(9):1550-8, 1995
                                                                                              11. Takahashi K et al: Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma of the jaw--report of a case and review of 41 cases in the literature. Head Neck. 15(5):459-64, 1993
                                                                                              12. Hackney FL et al: Chondrosarcoma of the jaws: clinical findings, histopathology, and treatment. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 71(2):139-43, 1991
                                                                                              13. Garrington GE et al: Chondrosarcoma. I. A selected literature review. J Oral Pathol. 17(1):1-11, 1988
                                                                                              14. Garrington GE et al: Chondrosarcoma. II. Chondrosarcoma of the jaws: analysis of 37 cases. J Oral Pathol. 17(1):12-20, 1988