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Mandible-Maxilla Idiopathic Osteosclerosis
Lisa J. Koenig, BChD, DDS, MS
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Dense bone island, bone scar, bone whorl, bone eburnation, enostosis, focal osteopetrosis
            • Definitions

              • Localized area of increased radiodensity (radiopacity) of unknown cause and without association to inflammatory, dysplastic, or neoplastic process

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                    • Presentation

                      • Demographics

                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                          • Treatment

                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                            • Consider

                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                Selected References

                                1. Mainville GN et al: Asymptomatic, nonexpansile radiopacity of the jaw associated with external root resorption: a diagnostic dilemma. Gen Dent. 64(1):32-5, 2016
                                2. Solanki J et al: Prevalence of osteosclerosis among patients visiting dental institute in rural area of western India. J Clin Diagn Res. 9(8):ZC38-40, 2015
                                3. Moshfeghi M et al: Radiologic assessment and frequency of idiopathic osteosclerosis of jawbones: an interpopulation comparison. Acta Radiol. 55(10):1239-44, 2014
                                4. Tolentino Ede S et al: Idiopathic osteosclerosis of the jaw in a Brazilian population: a retrospective study. Acta Stomatol Croat. 48(3):183-92, 2014
                                5. Sisman Y et al: The frequency and distribution of idiopathic osteosclerosis of the jaw. Eur J Dent. 5(4):409-14, 2011
                                6. Miloglu O et al: The frequency and characteristics of idiopathic osteosclerosis and condensing osteitis lesions in a Turkish patient population. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 14(12):e640-5, 2009
                                7. MacDonald-Jankowski DS: Idiopathic osteosclerosis in the jaws of Britons and of the Hong Kong Chinese: radiology and systematic review. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 28(6):357-63, 1999
                                8. Williams TP et al: A longitudinal study of idiopathic osteosclerosis and condensing osteitis. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 27(5):275-8, 1998
                                9. Yonetsu K et al: Idiopathic osteosclerosis of the jaws: panoramic radiographic and computed tomographic findings. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 83(4):517-21, 1997
                                Related Anatomy
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                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                References
                                Tables

                                Tables

                                KEY FACTS

                                • Terminology

                                  • Imaging

                                    • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                      • Clinical Issues

                                        • Diagnostic Checklist

                                          TERMINOLOGY

                                          • Synonyms

                                            • Dense bone island, bone scar, bone whorl, bone eburnation, enostosis, focal osteopetrosis
                                          • Definitions

                                            • Localized area of increased radiodensity (radiopacity) of unknown cause and without association to inflammatory, dysplastic, or neoplastic process

                                          IMAGING

                                          • General Features

                                            • Radiographic Findings

                                              • CT Findings

                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                  • Presentation

                                                    • Demographics

                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                        • Treatment

                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                          • Consider

                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                              Selected References

                                                              1. Mainville GN et al: Asymptomatic, nonexpansile radiopacity of the jaw associated with external root resorption: a diagnostic dilemma. Gen Dent. 64(1):32-5, 2016
                                                              2. Solanki J et al: Prevalence of osteosclerosis among patients visiting dental institute in rural area of western India. J Clin Diagn Res. 9(8):ZC38-40, 2015
                                                              3. Moshfeghi M et al: Radiologic assessment and frequency of idiopathic osteosclerosis of jawbones: an interpopulation comparison. Acta Radiol. 55(10):1239-44, 2014
                                                              4. Tolentino Ede S et al: Idiopathic osteosclerosis of the jaw in a Brazilian population: a retrospective study. Acta Stomatol Croat. 48(3):183-92, 2014
                                                              5. Sisman Y et al: The frequency and distribution of idiopathic osteosclerosis of the jaw. Eur J Dent. 5(4):409-14, 2011
                                                              6. Miloglu O et al: The frequency and characteristics of idiopathic osteosclerosis and condensing osteitis lesions in a Turkish patient population. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 14(12):e640-5, 2009
                                                              7. MacDonald-Jankowski DS: Idiopathic osteosclerosis in the jaws of Britons and of the Hong Kong Chinese: radiology and systematic review. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 28(6):357-63, 1999
                                                              8. Williams TP et al: A longitudinal study of idiopathic osteosclerosis and condensing osteitis. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 27(5):275-8, 1998
                                                              9. Yonetsu K et al: Idiopathic osteosclerosis of the jaws: panoramic radiographic and computed tomographic findings. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 83(4):517-21, 1997