link
Bookmarks
Mandibular Torus
Lisa J. Koenig, BChD, DDS, MS
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology, please log in or subscribe.Log inSubscribe
0
5
4
1

KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Torus mandibularis
              • Definitions

                • Exophytic proliferation of cortical and trabecular bone located on lingual aspect of mandible, usually in premolar areas

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  • Radiographic Findings

                    • CT Findings

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Maduakor SN et al: Prevalence of mandibular and palatine tori among the Ibos in Enugu, South-East Nigeria. Niger J Clin Pract. 20(1):57-60, 2017
                                      2. AlZarea BK: Prevalence and pattern of torus palatinus and torus mandibularis among edentulous patients of Saudi Arabia. Clin Interv Aging. 11:209-13, 2016
                                      3. Scott GR et al: Northern exposure: Mandibular torus in the Greenlandic Norse and the whole wide world. Am J Phys Anthropol. 161(3):513-521, 2016
                                      4. Scrieciu M et al: Morphological and clinical characteristics of the torus palatinus and torus mandibularis in a sample of young and adults' Romanian people. Rom J Morphol Embryol. 57(1):139-44, 2016
                                      5. Auškalnis A et al: Oral bony outgrowths: prevalence and genetic factor influence. Study of twins. Medicina (Kaunas). 51(4):228-32, 2015
                                      6. Cortes AR et al: Mandibular tori are associated with mechanical stress and mandibular shape. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 72(11):2115-25, 2014
                                      7. Yoshinaka M et al: Prevalence of torus mandibularis among a group of elderly Japanese and its relationship with occlusal force. Gerodontology. 31(2):117-22, 2014
                                      8. Rodríguez-Vázquez JF et al: Origin of the torus mandibularis: an embryological hypothesis. Clin Anat. 26(8):944-52, 2013
                                      9. García-García AS et al: Current status of the torus palatinus and torus mandibularis. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 15(2):e353-60, 2010
                                      10. Jainkittivong A et al: Buccal and palatal exostoses: prevalence and concurrence with tori. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 90(1):48-53, 2000
                                      11. Pynn BR et al: Tori mandibularis: a case report and review of the literature. J Can Dent Assoc. 61(12):1057-8, 1063-6, 1995
                                      12. Seah YH: Torus palatinus and torus mandibularis: a review of the literature. Aust Dent J. 40(5):318-21, 1995
                                      Related Anatomy
                                      Loading...
                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
                                      Loading...
                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Pathology

                                              • Clinical Issues

                                                • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Synonyms

                                                    • Torus mandibularis
                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Exophytic proliferation of cortical and trabecular bone located on lingual aspect of mandible, usually in premolar areas

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      • Radiographic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                            PATHOLOGY

                                                            • General Features

                                                              • Microscopic Features

                                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                • Presentation

                                                                  • Demographics

                                                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                      • Treatment

                                                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                        • Consider

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Maduakor SN et al: Prevalence of mandibular and palatine tori among the Ibos in Enugu, South-East Nigeria. Niger J Clin Pract. 20(1):57-60, 2017
                                                                          2. AlZarea BK: Prevalence and pattern of torus palatinus and torus mandibularis among edentulous patients of Saudi Arabia. Clin Interv Aging. 11:209-13, 2016
                                                                          3. Scott GR et al: Northern exposure: Mandibular torus in the Greenlandic Norse and the whole wide world. Am J Phys Anthropol. 161(3):513-521, 2016
                                                                          4. Scrieciu M et al: Morphological and clinical characteristics of the torus palatinus and torus mandibularis in a sample of young and adults' Romanian people. Rom J Morphol Embryol. 57(1):139-44, 2016
                                                                          5. Auškalnis A et al: Oral bony outgrowths: prevalence and genetic factor influence. Study of twins. Medicina (Kaunas). 51(4):228-32, 2015
                                                                          6. Cortes AR et al: Mandibular tori are associated with mechanical stress and mandibular shape. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 72(11):2115-25, 2014
                                                                          7. Yoshinaka M et al: Prevalence of torus mandibularis among a group of elderly Japanese and its relationship with occlusal force. Gerodontology. 31(2):117-22, 2014
                                                                          8. Rodríguez-Vázquez JF et al: Origin of the torus mandibularis: an embryological hypothesis. Clin Anat. 26(8):944-52, 2013
                                                                          9. García-García AS et al: Current status of the torus palatinus and torus mandibularis. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 15(2):e353-60, 2010
                                                                          10. Jainkittivong A et al: Buccal and palatal exostoses: prevalence and concurrence with tori. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 90(1):48-53, 2000
                                                                          11. Pynn BR et al: Tori mandibularis: a case report and review of the literature. J Can Dent Assoc. 61(12):1057-8, 1063-6, 1995
                                                                          12. Seah YH: Torus palatinus and torus mandibularis: a review of the literature. Aust Dent J. 40(5):318-21, 1995