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Medial Condyle Fracture, Elbow
Andrew Sonin, MD, FACR
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Intraarticular fracture through medial humeral condyle → distal articular surface or physis
                • Excludes fractures that only involve extraarticular portion of condyle
                • Excludes fractures involving both condyles

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          • Reporting Tips

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Lynsky ML et al: When is a medial epicondyle fracture a medial condyle fracture? Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 41(1):24-8, 2012
                                            2. Edmonds EW: How displaced are "nondisplaced" fractures of the medial humeral epicondyle in children? Results of a three-dimensional computed tomography analysis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 92(17):2785-91, 2010
                                            3. Louahem DM et al: Displaced medial epicondyle fractures of the humerus: surgical treatment and results. A report of 139 cases. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 130(5):649-55, 2010
                                            4. Leet AI et al: Medial condyle fractures of the humerus in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 22(1):2-7, 2002
                                            5. Nagi ON et al: Fractures of the medial humeral condyle in adults. Singapore Med J. 41(7):347-51, 2000
                                            6. Papavasiliou V et al: Fractures of the medial condyle of the humerus in childhood. J Pediatr Orthop. 7(4):421-3, 1987
                                            7. Bensahel H et al: Fractures of the medial condyle of the humerus in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 6(4):430-3, 1986
                                            8. Ghawabi MH: Fracture of the medial condyle of the humerus. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 57(5):677-80, 1975
                                            9. Kilfoyle RM: Fractures of the medial condyle and epicondyle of the elbow in children. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 41:43-50, 1965
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • Intraarticular fracture through medial humeral condyle → distal articular surface or physis
                                                          • Excludes fractures that only involve extraarticular portion of condyle
                                                          • Excludes fractures involving both condyles

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • Radiographic Findings

                                                          • CT Findings

                                                            • MR Findings

                                                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                                    • General Features

                                                                      • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                        • Presentation

                                                                          • Demographics

                                                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                              • Treatment

                                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                • Consider

                                                                                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                    • Reporting Tips

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Lynsky ML et al: When is a medial epicondyle fracture a medial condyle fracture? Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 41(1):24-8, 2012
                                                                                      2. Edmonds EW: How displaced are "nondisplaced" fractures of the medial humeral epicondyle in children? Results of a three-dimensional computed tomography analysis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 92(17):2785-91, 2010
                                                                                      3. Louahem DM et al: Displaced medial epicondyle fractures of the humerus: surgical treatment and results. A report of 139 cases. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 130(5):649-55, 2010
                                                                                      4. Leet AI et al: Medial condyle fractures of the humerus in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 22(1):2-7, 2002
                                                                                      5. Nagi ON et al: Fractures of the medial humeral condyle in adults. Singapore Med J. 41(7):347-51, 2000
                                                                                      6. Papavasiliou V et al: Fractures of the medial condyle of the humerus in childhood. J Pediatr Orthop. 7(4):421-3, 1987
                                                                                      7. Bensahel H et al: Fractures of the medial condyle of the humerus in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 6(4):430-3, 1986
                                                                                      8. Ghawabi MH: Fracture of the medial condyle of the humerus. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 57(5):677-80, 1975
                                                                                      9. Kilfoyle RM: Fractures of the medial condyle and epicondyle of the elbow in children. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 41:43-50, 1965