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Medial Supporting Structures
B.J. Manaster, MD, PhD, FACR; Julia R. Crim, MD
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TERMINOLOGY

  • Abbreviations

    • Medial (tibial) collateral ligament (MCL)
    • Vastus medialis obliquus (VMO)
    • Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL)

IMAGING ANATOMY

  • Overview

    • Superficial Layer (Layer 1)

      • Middle Layer (Layer 2)

        • Semimembranosus

          • Deep Layer (Layer 3)

            • Bursae

              • Medial Stabilizers of Patella

                • Posteromedial Capsule

                  ANATOMY IMAGING ISSUES

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    Selected References

                    1. Elias DA et al: Acute lateral patellar dislocation at MR imaging: injury patterns of medial patellar soft-tissue restraints and osteochondral injuries of the inferomedial patella. Radiology. 225(3):736-43, 2002
                    2. De Maeseneer M et al: Three layers of the medial capsular and supporting structures of the knee: MR imaging-anatomic correlation. Radiographics. 20 Spec No:S83-9, 2000
                    3. Spritzer CE et al: Medial retinacular complex injury in acute patellar dislocation: MR findings and surgical implications. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 168(1):117-22, 1997
                    Related Anatomy
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                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                    References
                    Tables

                    Tables

                    TERMINOLOGY

                    • Abbreviations

                      • Medial (tibial) collateral ligament (MCL)
                      • Vastus medialis obliquus (VMO)
                      • Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL)

                    IMAGING ANATOMY

                    • Overview

                      • Superficial Layer (Layer 1)

                        • Middle Layer (Layer 2)

                          • Semimembranosus

                            • Deep Layer (Layer 3)

                              • Bursae

                                • Medial Stabilizers of Patella

                                  • Posteromedial Capsule

                                    ANATOMY IMAGING ISSUES

                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Elias DA et al: Acute lateral patellar dislocation at MR imaging: injury patterns of medial patellar soft-tissue restraints and osteochondral injuries of the inferomedial patella. Radiology. 225(3):736-43, 2002
                                      2. De Maeseneer M et al: Three layers of the medial capsular and supporting structures of the knee: MR imaging-anatomic correlation. Radiographics. 20 Spec No:S83-9, 2000
                                      3. Spritzer CE et al: Medial retinacular complex injury in acute patellar dislocation: MR findings and surgical implications. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 168(1):117-22, 1997