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Mediastinal Hemangioma
Aletta Ann Frazier, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Definitions

                • Rare, benign vascular neoplasm

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                  • Microscopic Features

                                    • Etiology

                                      • Immunohistochemistry

                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                        • Presentation

                                          • Demographics

                                            • Treatment

                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                Selected References

                                                1. Garrana SH et al: Imaging of the anterior/prevascular mediastinum. Radiol Clin North Am. 59(2):155-68, 2021
                                                2. Yobita S et al: Mediastinal hemangioma mimicking an invasive tumor growth: a case report. Int J Surg Case Rep. 80:105674, 2021
                                                3. Cai X et al: A case of middle mediastinal cavernous hemangioma. Thorac Cancer. 11(3):789-92, 2020
                                                4. Li JL et al: Mediastinal hemangiomas: spectrum of CT and MRI findings - retrospective case series study and systematic review of the literature. Eur J Radiol. 126:108905, 2020
                                                5. Bai Y et al: CT and MRI manifestations of mediastinal cavernous hemangioma and a review of the literature. World J Surg Oncol. 17(1):205, 2019
                                                6. Burke AP et al: Miscellaneous mediastinal tumors. In Practical Thoracic Pathology: Diseases of the Lung, Heart and Thymus. Wolters Kluwer. 567, 2017
                                                7. Carter BW et al: ITMIG classification of mediastinal compartments and multidisciplinary approach to mediastinal masses. Radiographics. 37(2):413-36, 2017
                                                8. Merrow AC et al: 2014 revised classification of vascular lesions from the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies: radiologic-pathologic update. Radiographics. 36(5):1494-516, 2016
                                                9. Cabral FC et al: Hypervascular mediastinal masses: action points for radiologists. Eur J Radiol. 84(3):489-98, 2015
                                                10. Harris K et al: Thymoma calcification: is it clinically meaningful? World J Surg Oncol. 9:95, 2011
                                                11. Agarwal PP et al: Case 130: mediastinal hemangioma. Radiology. 246(2):634-7, 2008
                                                12. Sakurai K et al: Thoracic hemangiomas: imaging via CT, MR, and PET along with pathologic correlation. J Thorac Imaging. 23(2):114-20, 2008
                                                13. McAdams HP et al: Mediastinal hemangioma: radiographic and CT features in 14 patients. Radiology. 193(2):399-402, 1994
                                                Related Anatomy
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                                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                                References
                                                Tables

                                                Tables

                                                KEY FACTS

                                                • Terminology

                                                  • Imaging

                                                    • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                      • Pathology

                                                        • Clinical Issues

                                                          • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                                            • Definitions

                                                              • Rare, benign vascular neoplasm

                                                            IMAGING

                                                            • General Features

                                                              • Radiographic Findings

                                                                • CT Findings

                                                                  • MR Findings

                                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                      • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                                          • General Features

                                                                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                                • Microscopic Features

                                                                                  • Etiology

                                                                                    • Immunohistochemistry

                                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                                          • Treatment

                                                                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                              Selected References

                                                                                              1. Garrana SH et al: Imaging of the anterior/prevascular mediastinum. Radiol Clin North Am. 59(2):155-68, 2021
                                                                                              2. Yobita S et al: Mediastinal hemangioma mimicking an invasive tumor growth: a case report. Int J Surg Case Rep. 80:105674, 2021
                                                                                              3. Cai X et al: A case of middle mediastinal cavernous hemangioma. Thorac Cancer. 11(3):789-92, 2020
                                                                                              4. Li JL et al: Mediastinal hemangiomas: spectrum of CT and MRI findings - retrospective case series study and systematic review of the literature. Eur J Radiol. 126:108905, 2020
                                                                                              5. Bai Y et al: CT and MRI manifestations of mediastinal cavernous hemangioma and a review of the literature. World J Surg Oncol. 17(1):205, 2019
                                                                                              6. Burke AP et al: Miscellaneous mediastinal tumors. In Practical Thoracic Pathology: Diseases of the Lung, Heart and Thymus. Wolters Kluwer. 567, 2017
                                                                                              7. Carter BW et al: ITMIG classification of mediastinal compartments and multidisciplinary approach to mediastinal masses. Radiographics. 37(2):413-36, 2017
                                                                                              8. Merrow AC et al: 2014 revised classification of vascular lesions from the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies: radiologic-pathologic update. Radiographics. 36(5):1494-516, 2016
                                                                                              9. Cabral FC et al: Hypervascular mediastinal masses: action points for radiologists. Eur J Radiol. 84(3):489-98, 2015
                                                                                              10. Harris K et al: Thymoma calcification: is it clinically meaningful? World J Surg Oncol. 9:95, 2011
                                                                                              11. Agarwal PP et al: Case 130: mediastinal hemangioma. Radiology. 246(2):634-7, 2008
                                                                                              12. Sakurai K et al: Thoracic hemangiomas: imaging via CT, MR, and PET along with pathologic correlation. J Thorac Imaging. 23(2):114-20, 2008
                                                                                              13. McAdams HP et al: Mediastinal hemangioma: radiographic and CT features in 14 patients. Radiology. 193(2):399-402, 1994