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Mediastinal Teratoma
Paula J. Woodward, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Clinical Issues

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Definitions

          • Neoplasm composed of all 3 germ cell layers

        IMAGING

        • General Features

          • Ultrasonographic Findings

            • MR Findings

              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                PATHOLOGY

                • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                  • Presentation

                    • Demographics

                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                        • Treatment

                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                          • Consider

                            Selected References

                            1. Darouich S et al: Fetal mediastinal teratoma: misinterpretation as congenital cystic lesions of the lung on prenatal ultrasound. J Clin Ultrasound. 48(5):287-90, 2019
                            2. Agarwal A et al: EXIT procedure for fetal mediastinal teratoma with large pericardial effusion: a case report with review of literature. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 31(8):1099-103, 2018
                            3. Gong W et al: A case report of fetal malignant immature mediastinal teratoma. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 44(3):496-8, 2017
                            4. Peiró JL et al: Management of fetal teratomas. Pediatr Surg Int. 32(7):635-47, 2016
                            5. Simoncic M et al: Mediastinal teratoma with hydrops fetalis in a newborn and development of chronic respiratory insufficiency. Radiol Oncol. 48(4):397-402, 2014
                            6. Giancotti A et al: Mediastinal masses: a case of fetal teratoma and literature review. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 39(3):384-7, 2012
                            7. Adzick NS: Management of fetal lung lesions. Clin Perinatol. 36(2):363-76, x, 2009
                            8. Avni FE et al: Tumours of the fetal body: a review. Pediatr Radiol. 39(11):1147-57, 2009
                            9. Noreen S et al: Mediastinal teratoma as a rare cause of hydrops fetalis and death: report of 3 cases. J Reprod Med. 53(9):708-10, 2008
                            10. Martino F et al: Teratomas of the neck and mediastinum in children. Pediatr Surg Int. 22(8):627-34, 2006
                            11. Merchant AM et al: Management of fetal mediastinal teratoma. J Pediatr Surg. 40(1):228-31, 2005
                            12. Aksoy F et al: Congenital mediastinal immature teratoma: a case report with autopsy findings. Turk J Pediatr. 44(1):76-9, 2002
                            Related Anatomy
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                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                            References
                            Tables

                            Tables

                            KEY FACTS

                            • Imaging

                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                • Clinical Issues

                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                  • Definitions

                                    • Neoplasm composed of all 3 germ cell layers

                                  IMAGING

                                  • General Features

                                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                      • MR Findings

                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                          PATHOLOGY

                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                            • Presentation

                                              • Demographics

                                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                  • Treatment

                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                    • Consider

                                                      Selected References

                                                      1. Darouich S et al: Fetal mediastinal teratoma: misinterpretation as congenital cystic lesions of the lung on prenatal ultrasound. J Clin Ultrasound. 48(5):287-90, 2019
                                                      2. Agarwal A et al: EXIT procedure for fetal mediastinal teratoma with large pericardial effusion: a case report with review of literature. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 31(8):1099-103, 2018
                                                      3. Gong W et al: A case report of fetal malignant immature mediastinal teratoma. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 44(3):496-8, 2017
                                                      4. Peiró JL et al: Management of fetal teratomas. Pediatr Surg Int. 32(7):635-47, 2016
                                                      5. Simoncic M et al: Mediastinal teratoma with hydrops fetalis in a newborn and development of chronic respiratory insufficiency. Radiol Oncol. 48(4):397-402, 2014
                                                      6. Giancotti A et al: Mediastinal masses: a case of fetal teratoma and literature review. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 39(3):384-7, 2012
                                                      7. Adzick NS: Management of fetal lung lesions. Clin Perinatol. 36(2):363-76, x, 2009
                                                      8. Avni FE et al: Tumours of the fetal body: a review. Pediatr Radiol. 39(11):1147-57, 2009
                                                      9. Noreen S et al: Mediastinal teratoma as a rare cause of hydrops fetalis and death: report of 3 cases. J Reprod Med. 53(9):708-10, 2008
                                                      10. Martino F et al: Teratomas of the neck and mediastinum in children. Pediatr Surg Int. 22(8):627-34, 2006
                                                      11. Merchant AM et al: Management of fetal mediastinal teratoma. J Pediatr Surg. 40(1):228-31, 2005
                                                      12. Aksoy F et al: Congenital mediastinal immature teratoma: a case report with autopsy findings. Turk J Pediatr. 44(1):76-9, 2002