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Mediastinal Vascular Masses
Brett W. Carter, MD, CPPS
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Lesions of systemic and pulmonary arteries/veins
                • 10% of mediastinal masses on radiography

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Treatment

                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                            • Consider

                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                Selected References

                                1. Prosch H et al: The role of radiological imaging for masses in the prevascular mediastinum in clinical practice. J Thorac Dis. 12(12):7591-7, 2020
                                2. Bai Y et al: CT and MRI manifestations of mediastinal cavernous hemangioma and a review of the literature. World J Surg Oncol. 17(1):205, 2019
                                3. Carter BW et al: ITMIG classification of mediastinal compartments and multidisciplinary approach to mediastinal masses. Radiographics. 37(2):413-36, 2017
                                4. Cabral FC et al: Hypervascular mediastinal masses: action points for radiologists. Eur J Radiol. 84(3):489-98, 2015
                                5. Boateng P et al: Vascular lesions of the mediastinum. Thorac Surg Clin. 19(1):91-105, 2009
                                6. Frazier AA et al: Coronary artery bypass grafts: assessment with multidetector CT in the early and late postoperative settings. Radiographics. 25(4):881-96, 2005
                                7. Demos TC et al: Venous anomalies of the thorax. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 182(5):1139-50, 2004
                                Related Anatomy
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                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                References
                                Tables

                                Tables

                                KEY FACTS

                                • Terminology

                                  • Imaging

                                    • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                      • Clinical Issues

                                        • Diagnostic Checklist

                                          TERMINOLOGY

                                          • Definitions

                                            • Lesions of systemic and pulmonary arteries/veins
                                              • 10% of mediastinal masses on radiography

                                          IMAGING

                                          • General Features

                                            • Radiographic Findings

                                              • CT Findings

                                                • MR Findings

                                                  • Imaging Recommendations

                                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                      PATHOLOGY

                                                      • General Features

                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                        • Treatment

                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                          • Consider

                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                              Selected References

                                                              1. Prosch H et al: The role of radiological imaging for masses in the prevascular mediastinum in clinical practice. J Thorac Dis. 12(12):7591-7, 2020
                                                              2. Bai Y et al: CT and MRI manifestations of mediastinal cavernous hemangioma and a review of the literature. World J Surg Oncol. 17(1):205, 2019
                                                              3. Carter BW et al: ITMIG classification of mediastinal compartments and multidisciplinary approach to mediastinal masses. Radiographics. 37(2):413-36, 2017
                                                              4. Cabral FC et al: Hypervascular mediastinal masses: action points for radiologists. Eur J Radiol. 84(3):489-98, 2015
                                                              5. Boateng P et al: Vascular lesions of the mediastinum. Thorac Surg Clin. 19(1):91-105, 2009
                                                              6. Frazier AA et al: Coronary artery bypass grafts: assessment with multidetector CT in the early and late postoperative settings. Radiographics. 25(4):881-96, 2005
                                                              7. Demos TC et al: Venous anomalies of the thorax. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 182(5):1139-50, 2004