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Mediastinitis
Carol C. Wu, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Abbreviations

                • Acute descending necrotizing mediastinitis (ADNM)
              • Definitions

                • Acute mediastinitis: Potentially life-threatening focal or diffuse mediastinal inflammation usually caused by infection

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      • MR Findings

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Athanassiadi KA: Infections of the mediastinum. Thorac Surg Clin. 19(1):37-45, vi, 2009
                                            2. Restrepo CS et al: Imaging appearances of the sternum and sternoclavicular joints. Radiographics. 29(3):839-59, 2009
                                            3. Pinto A et al: Infections of the neck leading to descending necrotizing mediastinitis: Role of multi-detector row computed tomography. Eur J Radiol. 65(3):389-94, 2008
                                            4. Exarhos DN et al: Acute mediastinitis: spectrum of computed tomography findings. Eur Radiol. 15(8):1569-74, 2005
                                            5. Akman C et al: Imaging in mediastinitis: a systematic review based on aetiology. Clin Radiol. 59(7):573-85, 2004
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Pathology

                                                    • Clinical Issues

                                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Abbreviations

                                                          • Acute descending necrotizing mediastinitis (ADNM)
                                                        • Definitions

                                                          • Acute mediastinitis: Potentially life-threatening focal or diffuse mediastinal inflammation usually caused by infection

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Radiographic Findings

                                                            • CT Findings

                                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                • MR Findings

                                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                                    • General Features

                                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                        • Microscopic Features

                                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                          • Presentation

                                                                            • Demographics

                                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                • Treatment

                                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                  • Consider

                                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Athanassiadi KA: Infections of the mediastinum. Thorac Surg Clin. 19(1):37-45, vi, 2009
                                                                                      2. Restrepo CS et al: Imaging appearances of the sternum and sternoclavicular joints. Radiographics. 29(3):839-59, 2009
                                                                                      3. Pinto A et al: Infections of the neck leading to descending necrotizing mediastinitis: Role of multi-detector row computed tomography. Eur J Radiol. 65(3):389-94, 2008
                                                                                      4. Exarhos DN et al: Acute mediastinitis: spectrum of computed tomography findings. Eur Radiol. 15(8):1569-74, 2005
                                                                                      5. Akman C et al: Imaging in mediastinitis: a systematic review based on aetiology. Clin Radiol. 59(7):573-85, 2004