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Medullary Sponge Kidney
Michael P. Federle, MD, FACR
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Clinical Issues

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Abbreviations

          • Medullary sponge kidney (MSK)
        • Synonyms

          • Renal tubular ectasia
        • Definitions

          • Cystic dilation of collecting ducts in renal medulla

        IMAGING

        • General Features

          • Radiographic Findings

            • CT Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Jones JA et al: Medullary sponge kidney and urinary calculi: aeromedical concerns. Aviat Space Environ Med. 79(7):707-11, 2008
                                      2. Maw AM et al: Diagnosis of medullary sponge kidney by computed tomographic urography. Am J Kidney Dis. 50(1):146-50, 2007
                                      3. Lang EK et al: Improved detection of renal pathologic features on multiphasic helical CT compared with IVU in patients presenting with microscopic hematuria. Urology. 61(3):528-32, 2003
                                      4. Levine E et al: Current concepts and controversies in imaging of renal cystic diseases. Urol Clin North Am. 24(3):523-43, 1997
                                      5. Ginalski JM et al: Medullary sponge kidney on axial computed tomography: comparison with excretory urography. Eur J Radiol. 12(2):104-7, 1991
                                      6. Ginalski JM et al: Does medullary sponge kidney cause nephrolithiasis? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 155(2):299-302, 1990
                                      7. Boag GS et al: CT visualization of medullary sponge kidney. Urol Radiol. 9(4):220-1, 1988
                                      8. Parks JH et al: Calcium nephrolithiasis and medullary sponge kidney in women. N Engl J Med. 306(18):1088-91, 1982
                                      9. Madewell JE et al: Radiologic-pathologic correlations in cystic disease of the kidney. Radiol Clin North Am. 17(2):261-79, 1979
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Clinical Issues

                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                            • Abbreviations

                                              • Medullary sponge kidney (MSK)
                                            • Synonyms

                                              • Renal tubular ectasia
                                            • Definitions

                                              • Cystic dilation of collecting ducts in renal medulla

                                            IMAGING

                                            • General Features

                                              • Radiographic Findings

                                                • CT Findings

                                                  • MR Findings

                                                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                              • Microscopic Features

                                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                • Presentation

                                                                  • Demographics

                                                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                      • Treatment

                                                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Jones JA et al: Medullary sponge kidney and urinary calculi: aeromedical concerns. Aviat Space Environ Med. 79(7):707-11, 2008
                                                                          2. Maw AM et al: Diagnosis of medullary sponge kidney by computed tomographic urography. Am J Kidney Dis. 50(1):146-50, 2007
                                                                          3. Lang EK et al: Improved detection of renal pathologic features on multiphasic helical CT compared with IVU in patients presenting with microscopic hematuria. Urology. 61(3):528-32, 2003
                                                                          4. Levine E et al: Current concepts and controversies in imaging of renal cystic diseases. Urol Clin North Am. 24(3):523-43, 1997
                                                                          5. Ginalski JM et al: Medullary sponge kidney on axial computed tomography: comparison with excretory urography. Eur J Radiol. 12(2):104-7, 1991
                                                                          6. Ginalski JM et al: Does medullary sponge kidney cause nephrolithiasis? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 155(2):299-302, 1990
                                                                          7. Boag GS et al: CT visualization of medullary sponge kidney. Urol Radiol. 9(4):220-1, 1988
                                                                          8. Parks JH et al: Calcium nephrolithiasis and medullary sponge kidney in women. N Engl J Med. 306(18):1088-91, 1982
                                                                          9. Madewell JE et al: Radiologic-pathologic correlations in cystic disease of the kidney. Radiol Clin North Am. 17(2):261-79, 1979