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Mesenteric Lymphangioma
Paula J. Woodward, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Mesenteric cyst, omental cyst, mesenteric or abdominal lymphovascular malformation
            • Definitions

              • Proliferation of mesenteric lymphatic tissue that fails to communicate with central lymphatic system
              • Mesenteric cyst used as generic descriptive term for cystic mass arising in mesentery or omentum

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      • Microscopic Features

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Demographics

                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                              • Treatment

                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Chiappinelli A et al: Congenital abdominal cystic lymphangiomas: what is the correct management? J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 25(7):915-9, 2012
                                  2. Chang TS et al: Mesenteric cystic masses: a series of 21 pediatric cases and review of the literature. Fetal Pediatr Pathol. 30(1):40-4, 2011
                                  3. Cozzi DA et al: Fetal abdominal lymphangioma enhanced by ultrafast MRI. Fetal Diagn Ther. 27(1):46-50, 2010
                                  4. Gupta P et al: Role of MRI in fetal abdominal cystic masses detected on prenatal sonography. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 281(3):519-26, 2010
                                  5. Hachisuga M et al: Prenatal diagnosis of a retroperitoneal lymphangioma: a case and review. Fetal Diagn Ther. 24(3):177-81, 2008
                                  6. Santo S et al: Prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis of abdominal cystic lymphangioma: a case report. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 21(8):565-6, 2008
                                  7. York DG et al: Fetal abdomino-perineal lymphangioma: differential diagnosis and management. Prenat Diagn. 26(8):692-5, 2006
                                  8. Mostofian E et al: Prenatal sonographic diagnosis of abdominal mesenteric lymphangioma. J Ultrasound Med. 23(1):129-32, 2004
                                  9. Breysem L et al: The value of fast MR imaging as an adjunct to ultrasound in prenatal diagnosis. Eur Radiol. 13(7):1538-48, 2003
                                  10. Khong PL et al: Ultrasonography of intra-abdominal cystic lesions in the newborn. Clin Radiol. 58(6):449-54, 2003
                                  11. Deshpande P et al: Prenatal diagnosis of fetal abdominal lymphangioma by ultrasonography. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 17(5):445-8, 2001
                                  Related Anatomy
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                                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                  References
                                  Tables

                                  Tables

                                  KEY FACTS

                                  • Terminology

                                    • Imaging

                                      • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                        • Clinical Issues

                                          • Diagnostic Checklist

                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                            • Synonyms

                                              • Mesenteric cyst, omental cyst, mesenteric or abdominal lymphovascular malformation
                                            • Definitions

                                              • Proliferation of mesenteric lymphatic tissue that fails to communicate with central lymphatic system
                                              • Mesenteric cyst used as generic descriptive term for cystic mass arising in mesentery or omentum

                                            IMAGING

                                            • General Features

                                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Microscopic Features

                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                        • Presentation

                                                          • Demographics

                                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                              • Treatment

                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                  Selected References

                                                                  1. Chiappinelli A et al: Congenital abdominal cystic lymphangiomas: what is the correct management? J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 25(7):915-9, 2012
                                                                  2. Chang TS et al: Mesenteric cystic masses: a series of 21 pediatric cases and review of the literature. Fetal Pediatr Pathol. 30(1):40-4, 2011
                                                                  3. Cozzi DA et al: Fetal abdominal lymphangioma enhanced by ultrafast MRI. Fetal Diagn Ther. 27(1):46-50, 2010
                                                                  4. Gupta P et al: Role of MRI in fetal abdominal cystic masses detected on prenatal sonography. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 281(3):519-26, 2010
                                                                  5. Hachisuga M et al: Prenatal diagnosis of a retroperitoneal lymphangioma: a case and review. Fetal Diagn Ther. 24(3):177-81, 2008
                                                                  6. Santo S et al: Prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis of abdominal cystic lymphangioma: a case report. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 21(8):565-6, 2008
                                                                  7. York DG et al: Fetal abdomino-perineal lymphangioma: differential diagnosis and management. Prenat Diagn. 26(8):692-5, 2006
                                                                  8. Mostofian E et al: Prenatal sonographic diagnosis of abdominal mesenteric lymphangioma. J Ultrasound Med. 23(1):129-32, 2004
                                                                  9. Breysem L et al: The value of fast MR imaging as an adjunct to ultrasound in prenatal diagnosis. Eur Radiol. 13(7):1538-48, 2003
                                                                  10. Khong PL et al: Ultrasonography of intra-abdominal cystic lesions in the newborn. Clin Radiol. 58(6):449-54, 2003
                                                                  11. Deshpande P et al: Prenatal diagnosis of fetal abdominal lymphangioma by ultrasonography. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 17(5):445-8, 2001