link
Bookmarks
Mesenteric Lymphatic Malformation
A. Carlson Merrow, Jr., MD, FAAP
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology, please log in or subscribe.Log inSubscribe
0
4
2
1

KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Clinical Issues

        • Diagnostic Checklist

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Synonyms

            • Mesenteric or omental cyst; lymphangioma (antiquated)
          • Definitions

            • Subtype of congenital slow flow vascular malformation due to error of lymphatic vessel formation
            • Results in well-defined cyst-like (macrocystic) &/or infiltrative, solid-appearing (microcystic) mass of abnormal lymphatic channels focally or diffusely within mesentery
              • Individual cyst size: Macrocyst > 1 cm, microcyst < 1 cm
            • Mass lacks communication with normal lymphatics
            • Not neoplastic

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Bagrodia N et al: Management of lymphatic malformations in children. Curr Opin Pediatr. 27(3):356-63, 2015
                                      2. Malone LJ et al: Pediatric lymphangiectasia: an imaging spectrum. Pediatr Radiol. 45(4):562-9, 2015
                                      3. Elluru RG et al: Lymphatic malformations: diagnosis and management. Semin Pediatr Surg. 23(4):178-85, 2014
                                      4. Russell KW et al: Sclerotherapy for intra-abdominal lymphatic malformations in children. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 24(4):317-21, 2014
                                      5. Trenor CC 3rd et al: Complex lymphatic anomalies. Semin Pediatr Surg. 23(4):186-90, 2014
                                      6. Cauley CE et al: Giant mesenteric lymphatic malformation presenting as small bowel volvulus. J Surg Case Rep. 2013(9), 2013
                                      7. Chang TS et al: Mesenteric cystic masses: a series of 21 pediatric cases and review of the literature. Fetal Pediatr Pathol. 30(1):40-4, 2011
                                      8. Chaudry G et al: Sclerotherapy of abdominal lymphatic malformations with doxycycline. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 22(10):1431-5, 2011
                                      9. Stoupis C et al: Bubbles in the belly: imaging of cystic mesenteric or omental masses. Radiographics. 14(4):729-37, 1994
                                      Related Anatomy
                                      Loading...
                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
                                      Loading...
                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Clinical Issues

                                            • Diagnostic Checklist

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Synonyms

                                                • Mesenteric or omental cyst; lymphangioma (antiquated)
                                              • Definitions

                                                • Subtype of congenital slow flow vascular malformation due to error of lymphatic vessel formation
                                                • Results in well-defined cyst-like (macrocystic) &/or infiltrative, solid-appearing (microcystic) mass of abnormal lymphatic channels focally or diffusely within mesentery
                                                  • Individual cyst size: Macrocyst > 1 cm, microcyst < 1 cm
                                                • Mass lacks communication with normal lymphatics
                                                • Not neoplastic

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • Radiographic Findings

                                                  • CT Findings

                                                    • MR Findings

                                                      • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                            PATHOLOGY

                                                            • General Features

                                                              • Microscopic Features

                                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                • Presentation

                                                                  • Demographics

                                                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                      • Treatment

                                                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Bagrodia N et al: Management of lymphatic malformations in children. Curr Opin Pediatr. 27(3):356-63, 2015
                                                                          2. Malone LJ et al: Pediatric lymphangiectasia: an imaging spectrum. Pediatr Radiol. 45(4):562-9, 2015
                                                                          3. Elluru RG et al: Lymphatic malformations: diagnosis and management. Semin Pediatr Surg. 23(4):178-85, 2014
                                                                          4. Russell KW et al: Sclerotherapy for intra-abdominal lymphatic malformations in children. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 24(4):317-21, 2014
                                                                          5. Trenor CC 3rd et al: Complex lymphatic anomalies. Semin Pediatr Surg. 23(4):186-90, 2014
                                                                          6. Cauley CE et al: Giant mesenteric lymphatic malformation presenting as small bowel volvulus. J Surg Case Rep. 2013(9), 2013
                                                                          7. Chang TS et al: Mesenteric cystic masses: a series of 21 pediatric cases and review of the literature. Fetal Pediatr Pathol. 30(1):40-4, 2011
                                                                          8. Chaudry G et al: Sclerotherapy of abdominal lymphatic malformations with doxycycline. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 22(10):1431-5, 2011
                                                                          9. Stoupis C et al: Bubbles in the belly: imaging of cystic mesenteric or omental masses. Radiographics. 14(4):729-37, 1994