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Metastases, Airway
Christopher M. Walker, MD; Juliana Bueno, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Endotracheal metastasis
              • Definitions

                • Bronchoscopically visible neoplasm within trachea, central bronchi, or segmental bronchi
                  • Direct airway invasion is most common mechanism of spread
                  • Hematogeneous or lymphatic spread to airway is less common

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Byard RW: Endobronchial/tracheal metastasis and sudden death. J Forensic Sci. 59(4):1139-41, 2014
                                          2. Dong A et al: FDG PET/CT in endobronchial metastases from extrathoracic malignancies. Clin Nucl Med. 39(5):446-9, 2014
                                          3. Godoy MC et al: Multidetector CT evaluation of airway stents: what the radiologist should know. Radiographics. 34(7):1793-806, 2014
                                          4. Marchioni A et al: Endobronchial metastasis: an epidemiologic and clinicopathologic study of 174 consecutive cases. Lung Cancer. 84(3):222-8, 2014
                                          5. Katabathina VS et al: Imaging of oncologic emergencies: what every radiologist should know. Radiographics. 33(6):1533-53, 2013
                                          6. Lee SH et al: Endobronchial metastases from extrathoracic malignancy. Yonsei Med J. 54(2):403-9, 2013
                                          7. Ngo AV et al: Tumors and tumorlike conditions of the large airways. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 201(2):301-13, 2013
                                          8. Nair A et al: Multidetector CT and postprocessing in planning and assisting in minimally invasive bronchoscopic airway interventions. Radiographics. 32(5):E201-32, 2012
                                          9. Park CM et al: Tumors in the tracheobronchial tree: CT and FDG PET features. Radiographics. 29(1):55-71, 2009
                                          10. Martinez S et al: Mucoid impactions: finger-in-glove sign and other CT and radiographic features. Radiographics. 28(5):1369-82, 2008
                                          11. Chong S et al: Tracheal metastasis of lung cancer: CT findings in six patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 186(1):220-4, 2006
                                          12. Jung JI et al: Thoracic manifestations of breast cancer and its therapy. Radiographics. 24(5):1269-85, 2004
                                          13. Sørensen JB: Endobronchial metastases from extrapulmonary solid tumors. Acta Oncol. 43(1):73-9, 2004
                                          14. Kiryu T et al: Endotracheal/endobronchial metastases : clinicopathologic study with special reference to developmental modes. Chest. 119(3):768-75, 2001
                                          15. Seo JB, Im JG, Goo JM, Chung MJ, Kim MY. Atypical pulmonary metastases: spectrum of radiologic findings. Radiographics. 21(2):403-17, 2001
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Synonyms

                                                        • Endotracheal metastasis
                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • Bronchoscopically visible neoplasm within trachea, central bronchi, or segmental bronchi
                                                          • Direct airway invasion is most common mechanism of spread
                                                          • Hematogeneous or lymphatic spread to airway is less common

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • Radiographic Findings

                                                          • CT Findings

                                                            • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • General Features

                                                                    • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Byard RW: Endobronchial/tracheal metastasis and sudden death. J Forensic Sci. 59(4):1139-41, 2014
                                                                                  2. Dong A et al: FDG PET/CT in endobronchial metastases from extrathoracic malignancies. Clin Nucl Med. 39(5):446-9, 2014
                                                                                  3. Godoy MC et al: Multidetector CT evaluation of airway stents: what the radiologist should know. Radiographics. 34(7):1793-806, 2014
                                                                                  4. Marchioni A et al: Endobronchial metastasis: an epidemiologic and clinicopathologic study of 174 consecutive cases. Lung Cancer. 84(3):222-8, 2014
                                                                                  5. Katabathina VS et al: Imaging of oncologic emergencies: what every radiologist should know. Radiographics. 33(6):1533-53, 2013
                                                                                  6. Lee SH et al: Endobronchial metastases from extrathoracic malignancy. Yonsei Med J. 54(2):403-9, 2013
                                                                                  7. Ngo AV et al: Tumors and tumorlike conditions of the large airways. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 201(2):301-13, 2013
                                                                                  8. Nair A et al: Multidetector CT and postprocessing in planning and assisting in minimally invasive bronchoscopic airway interventions. Radiographics. 32(5):E201-32, 2012
                                                                                  9. Park CM et al: Tumors in the tracheobronchial tree: CT and FDG PET features. Radiographics. 29(1):55-71, 2009
                                                                                  10. Martinez S et al: Mucoid impactions: finger-in-glove sign and other CT and radiographic features. Radiographics. 28(5):1369-82, 2008
                                                                                  11. Chong S et al: Tracheal metastasis of lung cancer: CT findings in six patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 186(1):220-4, 2006
                                                                                  12. Jung JI et al: Thoracic manifestations of breast cancer and its therapy. Radiographics. 24(5):1269-85, 2004
                                                                                  13. Sørensen JB: Endobronchial metastases from extrapulmonary solid tumors. Acta Oncol. 43(1):73-9, 2004
                                                                                  14. Kiryu T et al: Endotracheal/endobronchial metastases : clinicopathologic study with special reference to developmental modes. Chest. 119(3):768-75, 2001
                                                                                  15. Seo JB, Im JG, Goo JM, Chung MJ, Kim MY. Atypical pulmonary metastases: spectrum of radiologic findings. Radiographics. 21(2):403-17, 2001