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Milk of Calcium Bile
Siva P. Raman, MD; Mitchell Tublin, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Limy bile syndrome, calcium carbonate bile
            • Definitions

              • High-density calcium carbonate precipitate within gallbladder (GB) lumen

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                      • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Ballas KD et al: Limy bile syndrome: review of seven cases. ANZ J Surg. 75(9):787-9, 2005
                                            2. Itoh H: Management of limy bile syndrome: no therapy, laparotomy or endoscopic treatment? Intern Med. 42(1):1-2, 2003
                                            3. Tsukamoto T et al: Limy bile: a case of obstructive jaundice and review of 26 cases. Osaka City Med J. 49(2):67-70, 2003
                                            4. Moreaux J et al: Limy bile. A surgical experience in 16 patients. Gastroenterol Clin Biol. 18(6-7):550-5, 1994
                                            5. Fowler CL et al: Limy bile syndrome. J Pediatr Surg. 28(12):1568-9, 1993
                                            6. Naryshkin S et al: Milk of calcium bile. Evidence that gallbladder stasis is a key factor. Dig Dis Sci. 32(9):1051-5, 1987
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Pathology

                                                    • Clinical Issues

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Synonyms

                                                        • Limy bile syndrome, calcium carbonate bile
                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • High-density calcium carbonate precipitate within gallbladder (GB) lumen

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • Radiographic Findings

                                                          • CT Findings

                                                            • MR Findings

                                                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                  • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                      PATHOLOGY

                                                                      • General Features

                                                                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                          • Presentation

                                                                            • Demographics

                                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                • Treatment

                                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                  • Consider

                                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Ballas KD et al: Limy bile syndrome: review of seven cases. ANZ J Surg. 75(9):787-9, 2005
                                                                                      2. Itoh H: Management of limy bile syndrome: no therapy, laparotomy or endoscopic treatment? Intern Med. 42(1):1-2, 2003
                                                                                      3. Tsukamoto T et al: Limy bile: a case of obstructive jaundice and review of 26 cases. Osaka City Med J. 49(2):67-70, 2003
                                                                                      4. Moreaux J et al: Limy bile. A surgical experience in 16 patients. Gastroenterol Clin Biol. 18(6-7):550-5, 1994
                                                                                      5. Fowler CL et al: Limy bile syndrome. J Pediatr Surg. 28(12):1568-9, 1993
                                                                                      6. Naryshkin S et al: Milk of calcium bile. Evidence that gallbladder stasis is a key factor. Dig Dis Sci. 32(9):1051-5, 1987