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Miscellaneous Vasculitis
Anne G. Osborn, MD, FACR
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Inflammatory vasculopathy (more general term indicating any vascular pathology with inflammation)
              • Arteritis (specifies arterial inflammation)
              • Angiitis (inflammation of either arteries or veins)
            • Definitions

              • Heterogeneous group of CNS disorders characterized by nonatheromatous inflammation and necrosis of blood vessel walls
              • Involves either arteries or veins

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • Angiographic Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                • Microscopic Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Treatment

                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                          • Consider

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Guellec D et al: ANCA-associated vasculitis in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome: Detailed analysis of 7 new cases and systematic literature review. Autoimmun Rev. ePub, 2015
                                            2. Powers WJ: Primary Angiitis of the Central Nervous System: Diagnostic Criteria. Neurol Clin. 33(2):515-526, 2015
                                            3. Rodriguez-Pla A et al: Primary angiitis of the central nervous system in adults and children. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 41(1):47-62, viii, 2015
                                            4. Abdel Razek AA et al: Imaging spectrum of CNS vasculitis. Radiographics. 34(4):873-94, 2014
                                            5. Chiang F et al: Varicella zoster CNS vascular complications. A report of four cases and literature review. Neuroradiol J. 27(3):327-33, 2014
                                            6. John S et al: CNS vasculitis. Semin Neurol. 34(4):405-12, 2014
                                            7. Larivière D et al: Extra- and intracranial cerebral vasculitis in giant cell arteritis: an observational study. Medicine (Baltimore). 93(28):e265, 2014
                                            8. Obusez EC et al: High-resolution MRI vessel wall imaging: spatial and temporal patterns of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome and central nervous system vasculitis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 35(8):1527-32, 2014
                                            9. Birnbaum J et al: Primary angiitis of the central nervous system. Arch Neurol. 66(6):704-9, 2009
                                            10. Melica G et al: Primary vasculitis of the central nervous system in patients infected with HIV-1 in the HAART era. J Med Virol. 81(4):578-81, 2009
                                            11. Yahyavi-Firouz-Abadi N et al: Steroid-responsive large vessel vasculitis: application of whole-brain 320-detector row dynamic volume CT angiography and perfusion. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 30(7):1409-11, 2009
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Pathology

                                                    • Clinical Issues

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Synonyms

                                                        • Inflammatory vasculopathy (more general term indicating any vascular pathology with inflammation)
                                                        • Arteritis (specifies arterial inflammation)
                                                        • Angiitis (inflammation of either arteries or veins)
                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • Heterogeneous group of CNS disorders characterized by nonatheromatous inflammation and necrosis of blood vessel walls
                                                        • Involves either arteries or veins

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                              • Angiographic Findings

                                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                                    • General Features

                                                                      • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                          • Microscopic Features

                                                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                            • Presentation

                                                                              • Demographics

                                                                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                  • Treatment

                                                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                    • Consider

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Guellec D et al: ANCA-associated vasculitis in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome: Detailed analysis of 7 new cases and systematic literature review. Autoimmun Rev. ePub, 2015
                                                                                      2. Powers WJ: Primary Angiitis of the Central Nervous System: Diagnostic Criteria. Neurol Clin. 33(2):515-526, 2015
                                                                                      3. Rodriguez-Pla A et al: Primary angiitis of the central nervous system in adults and children. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 41(1):47-62, viii, 2015
                                                                                      4. Abdel Razek AA et al: Imaging spectrum of CNS vasculitis. Radiographics. 34(4):873-94, 2014
                                                                                      5. Chiang F et al: Varicella zoster CNS vascular complications. A report of four cases and literature review. Neuroradiol J. 27(3):327-33, 2014
                                                                                      6. John S et al: CNS vasculitis. Semin Neurol. 34(4):405-12, 2014
                                                                                      7. Larivière D et al: Extra- and intracranial cerebral vasculitis in giant cell arteritis: an observational study. Medicine (Baltimore). 93(28):e265, 2014
                                                                                      8. Obusez EC et al: High-resolution MRI vessel wall imaging: spatial and temporal patterns of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome and central nervous system vasculitis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 35(8):1527-32, 2014
                                                                                      9. Birnbaum J et al: Primary angiitis of the central nervous system. Arch Neurol. 66(6):704-9, 2009
                                                                                      10. Melica G et al: Primary vasculitis of the central nervous system in patients infected with HIV-1 in the HAART era. J Med Virol. 81(4):578-81, 2009
                                                                                      11. Yahyavi-Firouz-Abadi N et al: Steroid-responsive large vessel vasculitis: application of whole-brain 320-detector row dynamic volume CT angiography and perfusion. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 30(7):1409-11, 2009