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Morgagni Hernia
Siva P. Raman, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Synonyms

            • Anterior diaphragmatic hernia
          • Definitions

            • Protrusion of abdominal cavity contents through retrosternal defect in diaphragm

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Imaging Recommendations

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Fluoroscopic Findings

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Sandstrom CK et al: Diaphragmatic hernias: a spectrum of radiographic appearances. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 40(3):95-115, 2011
                                    2. Nasr A et al: Foramen of Morgagni hernia: presentation and treatment. Thorac Surg Clin. 19(4):463-8, 2009
                                    3. Tyrell D et al: Half-Fourier acquisition single-shot turbo spin echo imaging in the diagnosis of Morgagni hernia. J Magn Reson Imaging. 14(5):653-7, 2001
                                    4. Angrisani L et al: Hernia of foramen of Morgagni in adult: case report of laparoscopic repair. JSLS. 4(2):177-81, 2000
                                    5. Brink JA et al: Abnormalities of the diaphragm and adjacent structures: findings on multiplanar spiral CT scans. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 163(2):307-10, 1994
                                    6. Panicek DM et al: The diaphragm: anatomic, pathologic, and radiologic considerations. Radiographics. 8(3):385-425, 1988
                                    7. Gale ME: Anterior diaphragm: variations in the CT appearance. Radiology. 161(3):635-9, 1986
                                    8. Kleinman PK et al: The anterior diaphragmatic attachments: an anatomic and radiologic study with clinical correlates. Radiology. 155(2):289-93, 1985
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Clinical Issues

                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                            • Synonyms

                                              • Anterior diaphragmatic hernia
                                            • Definitions

                                              • Protrusion of abdominal cavity contents through retrosternal defect in diaphragm

                                            IMAGING

                                            • General Features

                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                • Radiographic Findings

                                                  • CT Findings

                                                    • MR Findings

                                                      • Fluoroscopic Findings

                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                              • Presentation

                                                                • Demographics

                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Sandstrom CK et al: Diaphragmatic hernias: a spectrum of radiographic appearances. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 40(3):95-115, 2011
                                                                      2. Nasr A et al: Foramen of Morgagni hernia: presentation and treatment. Thorac Surg Clin. 19(4):463-8, 2009
                                                                      3. Tyrell D et al: Half-Fourier acquisition single-shot turbo spin echo imaging in the diagnosis of Morgagni hernia. J Magn Reson Imaging. 14(5):653-7, 2001
                                                                      4. Angrisani L et al: Hernia of foramen of Morgagni in adult: case report of laparoscopic repair. JSLS. 4(2):177-81, 2000
                                                                      5. Brink JA et al: Abnormalities of the diaphragm and adjacent structures: findings on multiplanar spiral CT scans. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 163(2):307-10, 1994
                                                                      6. Panicek DM et al: The diaphragm: anatomic, pathologic, and radiologic considerations. Radiographics. 8(3):385-425, 1988
                                                                      7. Gale ME: Anterior diaphragm: variations in the CT appearance. Radiology. 161(3):635-9, 1986
                                                                      8. Kleinman PK et al: The anterior diaphragmatic attachments: an anatomic and radiologic study with clinical correlates. Radiology. 155(2):289-93, 1985