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Morgagni Hernia
John P. Lichtenberger, III, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Anterior diaphragmatic hernia
              • Definitions

                • Protrusion of abdominal cavity contents through retrosternal defect in diaphragm

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • Fluoroscopic Findings

                    • CT Findings

                      • MR Findings

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Sandstrom CK et al: Diaphragmatic hernias: a spectrum of radiographic appearances. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 40(3):95-115, 2011
                                          2. Roberts HC: Imaging the diaphragm. Thorac Surg Clin. 19(4):431-50, v, 2009
                                          3. Coulier B et al: Gastric volvulus through a Morgagni hernia: multidetector computed tomography diagnosis. Emerg Radiol. 15(3):197-201, 2008
                                          4. Tyrell D et al: Half-Fourier acquisition single-shot turbo spin echo imaging in the diagnosis of Morgagni hernia. J Magn Reson Imaging. 14(5):653-7, 2001
                                          5. Angrisani L et al: Hernia of foramen of Morgagni in adult: case report of laparoscopic repair. JSLS. 4(2):177-81, 2000
                                          6. Brink JA et al: Abnormalities of the diaphragm and adjacent structures: findings on multiplanar spiral CT scans. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 163(2):307-10, 1994
                                          7. Panicek DM et al: The diaphragm: anatomic, pathologic, and radiologic considerations. Radiographics. 8(3):385-425, 1988
                                          8. Gale ME: Anterior diaphragm: variations in the CT appearance. Radiology. 161(3):635-9, 1986
                                          9. Kleinman PK et al: The anterior diaphragmatic attachments: an anatomic and radiologic study with clinical correlates. Radiology. 155(2):289-93, 1985
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Synonyms

                                                        • Anterior diaphragmatic hernia
                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • Protrusion of abdominal cavity contents through retrosternal defect in diaphragm

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • Radiographic Findings

                                                          • Fluoroscopic Findings

                                                            • CT Findings

                                                              • MR Findings

                                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                                    • General Features

                                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                        • Presentation

                                                                          • Demographics

                                                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                              • Treatment

                                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                • Consider

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Sandstrom CK et al: Diaphragmatic hernias: a spectrum of radiographic appearances. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 40(3):95-115, 2011
                                                                                  2. Roberts HC: Imaging the diaphragm. Thorac Surg Clin. 19(4):431-50, v, 2009
                                                                                  3. Coulier B et al: Gastric volvulus through a Morgagni hernia: multidetector computed tomography diagnosis. Emerg Radiol. 15(3):197-201, 2008
                                                                                  4. Tyrell D et al: Half-Fourier acquisition single-shot turbo spin echo imaging in the diagnosis of Morgagni hernia. J Magn Reson Imaging. 14(5):653-7, 2001
                                                                                  5. Angrisani L et al: Hernia of foramen of Morgagni in adult: case report of laparoscopic repair. JSLS. 4(2):177-81, 2000
                                                                                  6. Brink JA et al: Abnormalities of the diaphragm and adjacent structures: findings on multiplanar spiral CT scans. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 163(2):307-10, 1994
                                                                                  7. Panicek DM et al: The diaphragm: anatomic, pathologic, and radiologic considerations. Radiographics. 8(3):385-425, 1988
                                                                                  8. Gale ME: Anterior diaphragm: variations in the CT appearance. Radiology. 161(3):635-9, 1986
                                                                                  9. Kleinman PK et al: The anterior diaphragmatic attachments: an anatomic and radiologic study with clinical correlates. Radiology. 155(2):289-93, 1985