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MR Artifacts
Kevin R. Moore, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Specific absorbed radiation (SAR), cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), radiofrequency (RF)
            • Synonyms

              • "Phase ghosting," "Gibbs" artifact, "blooming" artifact
            • Definitions

              • MR imaging artifacts that simulate disease

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • MR Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                    • Presentation

                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                        • Treatment

                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                          • Consider

                            • Reporting Tips

                              Selected References

                              1. Zaitsev M et al: Motion artifacts in MRI: A complex problem with many partial solutions. J Magn Reson Imaging. ePub, 2015
                              2. Mohankumar R et al: Pitfalls and pearls in MRI of the knee. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 203(3):516-30, 2014
                              3. Motamedi D et al: Pitfalls in shoulder MRI: part 1--normal anatomy and anatomic variants. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 203(3):501-7, 2014
                              4. Motamedi D et al: Pitfalls in shoulder MRI: part 2--biceps tendon, bursae and cysts, incidental and postsurgical findings, and artifacts. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 203(3):508-15, 2014
                              5. Dagia C et al: 3T MRI in paediatrics: challenges and clinical applications. Eur J Radiol. 68(2):309-19, 2008
                              6. Fries P et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of the spine at 3 Tesla. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 12(3):238-52, 2008
                              7. Shapiro MD: MR imaging of the spine at 3T. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 14(1):97-108, 2006
                              8. Elster AD et al: Questions and Answers in Magnetic Resonance Imaging. St. Louis: Mosby. 123-47, 2001
                              9. Peh WC et al: Artifacts in musculoskeletal magnetic resonance imaging: identification and correction. Skeletal Radiol. 30(4):179-91, 2001
                              10. Hood MN et al: Chemical shift: the artifact and clinical tool revisited. Radiographics. 19(2):357-71, 1999
                              11. Taber KH et al: Pitfalls and artifacts encountered in clinical MR imaging of the spine. Radiographics. 18(6):1499-521, 1998
                              12. Hashemi RH et al: MRI: The Basics. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. 175-202, 1997
                              13. Larsen DW et al: Cerebrospinal fluid flow artifact. A possible pitfall on fast-spin-echo MR imaging of the spine simulating intradural pathology. Clin Imaging. 20(2):140-2, 1996
                              14. Arena L et al: MR imaging artifacts that simulate disease: how to recognize and eliminate them. Radiographics. 15(6):1373-94, 1995
                              15. Breger RK et al: Truncation artifact in MR images of the intervertebral disk. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 9(5):825-8, 1988
                              16. Bronskill MJ et al: Syrinx-like artifacts on MR images of the spinal cord. Radiology. 166(2):485-8, 1988
                              17. Czervionke LF et al: Characteristic features of MR truncation artifacts. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 151(6):1219-28, 1988
                              18. Wood ML et al: MR image artifacts from periodic motion. Med Phys. 12(2):143-51, 1985
                              Related Anatomy
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                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                              References
                              Tables

                              Tables

                              KEY FACTS

                              • Terminology

                                • Imaging

                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                    • Clinical Issues

                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                        • Abbreviations

                                          • Specific absorbed radiation (SAR), cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), radiofrequency (RF)
                                        • Synonyms

                                          • "Phase ghosting," "Gibbs" artifact, "blooming" artifact
                                        • Definitions

                                          • MR imaging artifacts that simulate disease

                                        IMAGING

                                        • General Features

                                          • MR Findings

                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                • Presentation

                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                    • Treatment

                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                      • Consider

                                                        • Reporting Tips

                                                          Selected References

                                                          1. Zaitsev M et al: Motion artifacts in MRI: A complex problem with many partial solutions. J Magn Reson Imaging. ePub, 2015
                                                          2. Mohankumar R et al: Pitfalls and pearls in MRI of the knee. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 203(3):516-30, 2014
                                                          3. Motamedi D et al: Pitfalls in shoulder MRI: part 1--normal anatomy and anatomic variants. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 203(3):501-7, 2014
                                                          4. Motamedi D et al: Pitfalls in shoulder MRI: part 2--biceps tendon, bursae and cysts, incidental and postsurgical findings, and artifacts. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 203(3):508-15, 2014
                                                          5. Dagia C et al: 3T MRI in paediatrics: challenges and clinical applications. Eur J Radiol. 68(2):309-19, 2008
                                                          6. Fries P et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of the spine at 3 Tesla. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 12(3):238-52, 2008
                                                          7. Shapiro MD: MR imaging of the spine at 3T. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 14(1):97-108, 2006
                                                          8. Elster AD et al: Questions and Answers in Magnetic Resonance Imaging. St. Louis: Mosby. 123-47, 2001
                                                          9. Peh WC et al: Artifacts in musculoskeletal magnetic resonance imaging: identification and correction. Skeletal Radiol. 30(4):179-91, 2001
                                                          10. Hood MN et al: Chemical shift: the artifact and clinical tool revisited. Radiographics. 19(2):357-71, 1999
                                                          11. Taber KH et al: Pitfalls and artifacts encountered in clinical MR imaging of the spine. Radiographics. 18(6):1499-521, 1998
                                                          12. Hashemi RH et al: MRI: The Basics. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. 175-202, 1997
                                                          13. Larsen DW et al: Cerebrospinal fluid flow artifact. A possible pitfall on fast-spin-echo MR imaging of the spine simulating intradural pathology. Clin Imaging. 20(2):140-2, 1996
                                                          14. Arena L et al: MR imaging artifacts that simulate disease: how to recognize and eliminate them. Radiographics. 15(6):1373-94, 1995
                                                          15. Breger RK et al: Truncation artifact in MR images of the intervertebral disk. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 9(5):825-8, 1988
                                                          16. Bronskill MJ et al: Syrinx-like artifacts on MR images of the spinal cord. Radiology. 166(2):485-8, 1988
                                                          17. Czervionke LF et al: Characteristic features of MR truncation artifacts. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 151(6):1219-28, 1988
                                                          18. Wood ML et al: MR image artifacts from periodic motion. Med Phys. 12(2):143-51, 1985