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Mucocele of Appendix
Atif Zaheer, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Chronic cystic dilatation of appendiceal lumen by mucin accumulation
              • Nonneoplastic: Mucosal hyperplasia, simple retention cyst

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                • Microscopic Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Treatment

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Yu XR et al: Low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasms confined to the appendix: clinical manifestations and CT findings. J Investig Med. 68(1):75-81, 2020
                                          2. Van Hooser A et al: Mucinous appendiceal neoplasms: pathologic classification, clinical implications, imaging spectrum and mimics. Abdom Radiol (NY). 43(11):2913-22, 2018
                                          3. Leonards LM et al: Neoplasms of the appendix: pictorial review with clinical and pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 37(4):1059-83, 2017
                                          4. Shaib WL et al: Appendiceal mucinous neoplasms: diagnosis and management. Oncologist. 22(9):1107-16, 2017
                                          5. Stark C et al: Preoperative assessment and treatment of appendiceal mucocele complicated by acute torsion: a case report. BMC Res Notes. 7:1, 2014
                                          6. Demetrashvili Z et al: Mucocele of the appendix: case report and review of literature. Int Surg. 97(3):266-9, 2012
                                          7. Lim HK et al: Primary mucinous cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix: CT findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 173(4):1071-4, 1999
                                          8. Kim SH et al: Mucocele of the appendix: ultrasonographic and CT findings. Abdom Imaging. 23(3):292-6, 1998
                                          9. Madwed D et al: Mucocele of the appendix: imaging findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 159(1):69-72, 1992
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Chronic cystic dilatation of appendiceal lumen by mucin accumulation
                                                      • Nonneoplastic: Mucosal hyperplasia, simple retention cyst

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Radiographic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • General Features

                                                                    • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                        • Microscopic Features

                                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                          • Presentation

                                                                            • Demographics

                                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                • Treatment

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Yu XR et al: Low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasms confined to the appendix: clinical manifestations and CT findings. J Investig Med. 68(1):75-81, 2020
                                                                                  2. Van Hooser A et al: Mucinous appendiceal neoplasms: pathologic classification, clinical implications, imaging spectrum and mimics. Abdom Radiol (NY). 43(11):2913-22, 2018
                                                                                  3. Leonards LM et al: Neoplasms of the appendix: pictorial review with clinical and pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 37(4):1059-83, 2017
                                                                                  4. Shaib WL et al: Appendiceal mucinous neoplasms: diagnosis and management. Oncologist. 22(9):1107-16, 2017
                                                                                  5. Stark C et al: Preoperative assessment and treatment of appendiceal mucocele complicated by acute torsion: a case report. BMC Res Notes. 7:1, 2014
                                                                                  6. Demetrashvili Z et al: Mucocele of the appendix: case report and review of literature. Int Surg. 97(3):266-9, 2012
                                                                                  7. Lim HK et al: Primary mucinous cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix: CT findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 173(4):1071-4, 1999
                                                                                  8. Kim SH et al: Mucocele of the appendix: ultrasonographic and CT findings. Abdom Imaging. 23(3):292-6, 1998
                                                                                  9. Madwed D et al: Mucocele of the appendix: imaging findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 159(1):69-72, 1992