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Multi-Infarct Dementia
Akiva Mintz, MD, PhD, MHA, CFA; Bryan J. Neth, BS; Christopher T. Whitlow, MD, PhD, MHA
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Impairments in cognition and behavior affecting functional status due to pathologic changes resulting from various vascular insults throughout brain
            • Vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) is more comprehensive term incorporating vascular dementia (VaD) as well as other vascular-related cognitive impairment, including mild cognitive impairment due to vascular disease

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Nuclear Medicine Findings

              • Imaging Recommendations

                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                  PATHOLOGY

                  • General Features

                    • Risk Factors

                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                      • Presentation

                        • Demographics

                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                            Selected References

                            1. Nestor PJ et al: Clinical utility of FDG-PET for the differential diagnosis among the main forms of dementia. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 45(9):1509-25, 2018
                            2. Heiss WD et al: PET imaging in the differential diagnosis of vascular dementia. J Neurol Sci. 322(1-2):268-73, 2012
                            3. Román G et al: Contribution of neuroimaging to the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia. Arch Med Res. 43(8):671-6, 2012
                            Related Anatomy
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                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                            References
                            Tables

                            Tables

                            KEY FACTS

                            • Terminology

                              • Imaging

                                • Pathology

                                  • Clinical Issues

                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                    • Definitions

                                      • Impairments in cognition and behavior affecting functional status due to pathologic changes resulting from various vascular insults throughout brain
                                      • Vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) is more comprehensive term incorporating vascular dementia (VaD) as well as other vascular-related cognitive impairment, including mild cognitive impairment due to vascular disease

                                    IMAGING

                                    • General Features

                                      • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                            PATHOLOGY

                                            • General Features

                                              • Risk Factors

                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                • Presentation

                                                  • Demographics

                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                      Selected References

                                                      1. Nestor PJ et al: Clinical utility of FDG-PET for the differential diagnosis among the main forms of dementia. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 45(9):1509-25, 2018
                                                      2. Heiss WD et al: PET imaging in the differential diagnosis of vascular dementia. J Neurol Sci. 322(1-2):268-73, 2012
                                                      3. Román G et al: Contribution of neuroimaging to the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia. Arch Med Res. 43(8):671-6, 2012