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Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney
Roya Sohaey, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • Multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK)
          • Synonyms

            • Renal cystic dysplasia
            • Dysplastic kidneys
            • Potter type II (bilateral MCDK)
          • Definitions

            • Noncommunicating cysts + dysplastic renal tissue
            • MCDK is essentially nonfunctioning kidney

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Ultrasonographic Findings

              • Imaging Recommendations

                • MR Findings

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                        • Microscopic Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Consider

                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Maki E et al: Imaging and differential diagnosis of suprarenal masses in the fetus. J Ultrasound Med. 33(5):895-904, 2014
                                      2. Krill A et al: Evaluating compensatory hypertrophy: a growth curve specific for solitary functioning kidneys. J Urol. 188(4 Suppl):1613-7, 2012
                                      3. Hains DS et al: Management and etiology of the unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney: a review. Pediatr Nephrol. 24(2):233-41, 2009
                                      4. Thomas DF: Prenatally diagnosed urinary tract abnormalities: long-term outcome. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 13(3):189-95, 2008
                                      5. Winyard P et al: Dysplastic kidneys. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 13(3):142-51, 2008
                                      6. Kalyoussef E et al: Segmental multicystic dysplastic kidney in children. Urology. 68(5):1121.e9-11, 2006
                                      7. van Eijk L et al: Unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney: a combined pre- and postnatal assessment. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 19(2):180-3, 2002
                                      8. Lazebnik N et al: Insights into the pathogenesis and natural history of fetuses with multicystic dysplastic kidney disease. Prenat Diagn. 19(5):418-23, 1999
                                      9. Minevich E et al: The importance of accurate diagnosis and early close followup in patients with suspected multicystic dysplastic kidney. J Urol. 158(3 Pt 2):1301-4, 1997
                                      10. Anderson N et al: Detection of obstructive uropathy in the fetus: predictive value of sonographic measurements of renal pelvic diameter at various gestational ages. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 164(3):719-23, 1995
                                      11. Strife JL et al: Multicystic dysplastic kidney in children: US follow-up. Radiology. 186(3):785-8, 1993
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Clinical Issues

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Abbreviations

                                                • Multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK)
                                              • Synonyms

                                                • Renal cystic dysplasia
                                                • Dysplastic kidneys
                                                • Potter type II (bilateral MCDK)
                                              • Definitions

                                                • Noncommunicating cysts + dysplastic renal tissue
                                                • MCDK is essentially nonfunctioning kidney

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                  • Imaging Recommendations

                                                    • MR Findings

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                            • Microscopic Features

                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                              • Presentation

                                                                • Demographics

                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                      • Consider

                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Maki E et al: Imaging and differential diagnosis of suprarenal masses in the fetus. J Ultrasound Med. 33(5):895-904, 2014
                                                                          2. Krill A et al: Evaluating compensatory hypertrophy: a growth curve specific for solitary functioning kidneys. J Urol. 188(4 Suppl):1613-7, 2012
                                                                          3. Hains DS et al: Management and etiology of the unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney: a review. Pediatr Nephrol. 24(2):233-41, 2009
                                                                          4. Thomas DF: Prenatally diagnosed urinary tract abnormalities: long-term outcome. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 13(3):189-95, 2008
                                                                          5. Winyard P et al: Dysplastic kidneys. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 13(3):142-51, 2008
                                                                          6. Kalyoussef E et al: Segmental multicystic dysplastic kidney in children. Urology. 68(5):1121.e9-11, 2006
                                                                          7. van Eijk L et al: Unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney: a combined pre- and postnatal assessment. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 19(2):180-3, 2002
                                                                          8. Lazebnik N et al: Insights into the pathogenesis and natural history of fetuses with multicystic dysplastic kidney disease. Prenat Diagn. 19(5):418-23, 1999
                                                                          9. Minevich E et al: The importance of accurate diagnosis and early close followup in patients with suspected multicystic dysplastic kidney. J Urol. 158(3 Pt 2):1301-4, 1997
                                                                          10. Anderson N et al: Detection of obstructive uropathy in the fetus: predictive value of sonographic measurements of renal pelvic diameter at various gestational ages. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 164(3):719-23, 1995
                                                                          11. Strife JL et al: Multicystic dysplastic kidney in children: US follow-up. Radiology. 186(3):785-8, 1993