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Multinodular Goiter
Eunice Y. L. Dai, MBBS, FRCR; K. T. Wong, MBChB, FRCR; Anil T. Ahuja, MD, FRCR
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Diagnostic Checklist

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Definitions

          • Diffuse, multinodular enlargement of thyroid gland in response to chronic TSH stimulation
          • Plunging/substernal/retrosternal goiter: Inferior extension of multinodular goiter (MNG) into mediastinum

        IMAGING

        • General Features

          • Ultrasonographic Findings

            • Radiographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Remonti LR et al: Thyroid ultrasound features and risk of carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Thyroid. 25(5):538-50, 2015
                                  2. Nachiappan AC et al: The thyroid: review of imaging features and biopsy techniques with radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 34(2):276-93, 2014
                                  3. Sofferman RA et al. Ultrasound of the Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands. 1st ed. New York: Springer. 61-106, 2012
                                  4. Wong KT et al: Ultrasound of thyroid cancer. Cancer Imaging. 5:157-66, 2005
                                  5. Harnsberger HR et al: Diagnostic Imaging: Head & Neck. 1st ed. Salt Lake City: Amirsys. III-11-8-11, 2004
                                  Related Anatomy
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                                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                  References
                                  Tables

                                  Tables

                                  KEY FACTS

                                  • Imaging

                                    • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                        • Definitions

                                          • Diffuse, multinodular enlargement of thyroid gland in response to chronic TSH stimulation
                                          • Plunging/substernal/retrosternal goiter: Inferior extension of multinodular goiter (MNG) into mediastinum

                                        IMAGING

                                        • General Features

                                          • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                            • Radiographic Findings

                                              • CT Findings

                                                • MR Findings

                                                  • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                        • General Features

                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                          • Presentation

                                                            • Demographics

                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                • Treatment

                                                                  Selected References

                                                                  1. Remonti LR et al: Thyroid ultrasound features and risk of carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Thyroid. 25(5):538-50, 2015
                                                                  2. Nachiappan AC et al: The thyroid: review of imaging features and biopsy techniques with radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 34(2):276-93, 2014
                                                                  3. Sofferman RA et al. Ultrasound of the Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands. 1st ed. New York: Springer. 61-106, 2012
                                                                  4. Wong KT et al: Ultrasound of thyroid cancer. Cancer Imaging. 5:157-66, 2005
                                                                  5. Harnsberger HR et al: Diagnostic Imaging: Head & Neck. 1st ed. Salt Lake City: Amirsys. III-11-8-11, 2004