link
Bookmarks
Multiple Embolic Cerebral Infarctions
Karen L. Salzman, MD
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology, please log in or subscribe.Log inSubscribe
0
4
0
0

KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Infarcts in multiple arterial distributions from embolic source, often cardiac origin

          IMAGING

          • Imaging Anatomy

            • General Features

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Demographics

                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                              • Treatment

                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                • Consider

                                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Fonseca AC et al: Cryptogenic stroke. Eur J Neurol. ePub, 2015
                                    2. Hasegawa H et al: Emergent intracranial surgical embolectomy in conjunction with carotid endarterectomy for acute internal carotid artery terminus embolic occlusion and tandem occlusion of the cervical carotid artery due to plaque rupture. J Neurosurg. 1-9, 2015
                                    3. Meila D et al: Subcallosal artery stroke: infarction of the fornix and the genu of the corpus callosum. The importance of the anterior communicating artery complex. Case series and review of the literature. Neuroradiology. 57(1):41-7, 2015
                                    4. Emiru T et al: Thrombolytic treatment for in-hospital ischemic strokes in United States. J Vasc Interv Neurol. 7(5):28-34, 2014
                                    5. Müller H et al: Embolic and Hemodynamic Transcranial Doppler Characteristics in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke due to Carotid Occlusive Disease: Contribution to the Different Infarct Patterns on MRI. J Neuroimaging. ePub, 2014
                                    6. Park KY et al: Incidence and risk factors for diffusion-weighted imaging (+) lesions after intracranial stenting and its relationship with symptomatic ischemic complications. Stroke. 45(11):3298-303, 2014
                                    7. Saremi F et al: Paradoxical embolism: role of imaging in diagnosis and treatment planning. Radiographics. 34(6):1571-92, 2014
                                    8. Abenza-Abildua MJ et al: Stroke due to septic embolism resulting from Aspergillus aortitis in an immunocompetent patient. J Neurol Sci. 284(1-2):209-10, 2009
                                    9. Christian BA et al: Showered calcific emboli to the brain, the 'salted pretzel' sign, originating from the ipsilateral internal carotid artery causing acute cerebral infarction. Stroke. 40(5):e319-21, 2009
                                    10. Emond H et al: From amaurosis fugax to asymptomatic bithalamic infarct. J Neurol. 256(6):1007-8, 2009
                                    11. Iwanaga T et al: Paracentral strip infarcts of the middle cerebral artery: borderzone ischaemia or cortical artery occlusion? Cerebrovasc Dis. 27(3):215-22, 2009
                                    12. Khetarpal V et al: Calcific aortic valve and spontaneous embolic stroke: A review of literature. J Neurol Sci. Epub ahead of print, 2009
                                    13. Ralea IC et al: Acute stroke and heart attack management within a four-hour time window. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 18(2):167-70, 2009
                                    14. Barber PA et al: Cerebral ischemic lesions on diffusion-weighted imaging are associated with neurocognitive decline after cardiac surgery. Stroke. 39(5):1427-33, 2008
                                    15. Kang SY et al: Anterior cerebral artery infarction: stroke mechanism and clinical-imaging study in 100 patients. Neurology. 70(24 Pt 2):2386-93, 2008
                                    16. Li Q et al: Repeated embolism and multiple aneurysms: central nervous system manifestations of cardiac myxoma. Eur J Neurol. 15(12):e112-3, 2008
                                    17. Alfke K et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of individual cerebral perfusion territories improves the diagnosis of embolic stroke. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 31(6):894-5, 2007
                                    18. Gezer S: Antiphospholipid syndrome. Dis Mon. 49(12):696-741, 2003
                                    19. Provenzale JM et al: Brain infarction in young adults: etiology and imaging findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 169(4):1161-8, 1997
                                    Related Anatomy
                                    Loading...
                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
                                    Loading...
                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Clinical Issues

                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                            • Definitions

                                              • Infarcts in multiple arterial distributions from embolic source, often cardiac origin

                                            IMAGING

                                            • Imaging Anatomy

                                              • General Features

                                                • CT Findings

                                                  • MR Findings

                                                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                          • Presentation

                                                            • Demographics

                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                • Treatment

                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                  • Consider

                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Fonseca AC et al: Cryptogenic stroke. Eur J Neurol. ePub, 2015
                                                                      2. Hasegawa H et al: Emergent intracranial surgical embolectomy in conjunction with carotid endarterectomy for acute internal carotid artery terminus embolic occlusion and tandem occlusion of the cervical carotid artery due to plaque rupture. J Neurosurg. 1-9, 2015
                                                                      3. Meila D et al: Subcallosal artery stroke: infarction of the fornix and the genu of the corpus callosum. The importance of the anterior communicating artery complex. Case series and review of the literature. Neuroradiology. 57(1):41-7, 2015
                                                                      4. Emiru T et al: Thrombolytic treatment for in-hospital ischemic strokes in United States. J Vasc Interv Neurol. 7(5):28-34, 2014
                                                                      5. Müller H et al: Embolic and Hemodynamic Transcranial Doppler Characteristics in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke due to Carotid Occlusive Disease: Contribution to the Different Infarct Patterns on MRI. J Neuroimaging. ePub, 2014
                                                                      6. Park KY et al: Incidence and risk factors for diffusion-weighted imaging (+) lesions after intracranial stenting and its relationship with symptomatic ischemic complications. Stroke. 45(11):3298-303, 2014
                                                                      7. Saremi F et al: Paradoxical embolism: role of imaging in diagnosis and treatment planning. Radiographics. 34(6):1571-92, 2014
                                                                      8. Abenza-Abildua MJ et al: Stroke due to septic embolism resulting from Aspergillus aortitis in an immunocompetent patient. J Neurol Sci. 284(1-2):209-10, 2009
                                                                      9. Christian BA et al: Showered calcific emboli to the brain, the 'salted pretzel' sign, originating from the ipsilateral internal carotid artery causing acute cerebral infarction. Stroke. 40(5):e319-21, 2009
                                                                      10. Emond H et al: From amaurosis fugax to asymptomatic bithalamic infarct. J Neurol. 256(6):1007-8, 2009
                                                                      11. Iwanaga T et al: Paracentral strip infarcts of the middle cerebral artery: borderzone ischaemia or cortical artery occlusion? Cerebrovasc Dis. 27(3):215-22, 2009
                                                                      12. Khetarpal V et al: Calcific aortic valve and spontaneous embolic stroke: A review of literature. J Neurol Sci. Epub ahead of print, 2009
                                                                      13. Ralea IC et al: Acute stroke and heart attack management within a four-hour time window. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 18(2):167-70, 2009
                                                                      14. Barber PA et al: Cerebral ischemic lesions on diffusion-weighted imaging are associated with neurocognitive decline after cardiac surgery. Stroke. 39(5):1427-33, 2008
                                                                      15. Kang SY et al: Anterior cerebral artery infarction: stroke mechanism and clinical-imaging study in 100 patients. Neurology. 70(24 Pt 2):2386-93, 2008
                                                                      16. Li Q et al: Repeated embolism and multiple aneurysms: central nervous system manifestations of cardiac myxoma. Eur J Neurol. 15(12):e112-3, 2008
                                                                      17. Alfke K et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of individual cerebral perfusion territories improves the diagnosis of embolic stroke. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 31(6):894-5, 2007
                                                                      18. Gezer S: Antiphospholipid syndrome. Dis Mon. 49(12):696-741, 2003
                                                                      19. Provenzale JM et al: Brain infarction in young adults: etiology and imaging findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 169(4):1161-8, 1997