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Muscle Denervation
Jeffrey S. Ross, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Definitions

                • Secondary muscle injury resulting from denervation following nerve injury

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Other Modality Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                        Selected References

                                        1. Gupta A et al: MRI diagnosis of muscle denervation from herpes zoster with discordant distribution of the skin rash. Skeletal Radiol. 43(10):1481-5, 2014
                                        2. Mosole S et al: Long-term high-level exercise promotes muscle reinnervation with age. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 73(4):284-94, 2014
                                        3. Ohana M et al: Current and future imaging of the peripheral nervous system. Diagn Interv Imaging. 95(1):17-26, 2014
                                        4. Hu ZJ et al: Effect and possible mechanism of muscle-splitting approach on multifidus muscle injury and atrophy after posterior lumbar spine surgery. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 95(24):e192(1-9), 2013
                                        5. Sedano MJ et al: Muscle MRI in severe Guillain-Barré syndrome with motor nerve inexcitability. J Neurol. 260(6):1624-30, 2013
                                        6. Berciano J et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of lower limb musculature in acute motor axonal neuropathy. J Neurol. 259(6):1111-6, 2012
                                        7. Viddeleer AR et al: Sequential MR imaging of denervated and reinnervated skeletal muscle as correlated to functional outcome. Radiology. 264(2):522-30, 2012
                                        8. Kim SJ et al: MR imaging mapping of skeletal muscle denervation in entrapment and compressive neuropathies. Radiographics. 31(2):319-32, 2011
                                        9. Haig AJ: Paraspinal denervation and the spinal degenerative cascade. Spine J. 2(5):372-80, 2002
                                        10. Airaksinen O et al: Density of lumbar muscles 4 years after decompressive spinal surgery. Eur Spine J. 5(3):193-7, 1996
                                        11. Kotilainen E et al: Cross-sectional areas of lumbar muscles after surgical treatment of lumbar disc herniation. A study with magnetic resonance imaging after microdiscectomy or percutaneous nucleotomy. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 133(1-2):7-12, 1995
                                        Related Anatomy
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                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Terminology

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                              • Pathology

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Secondary muscle injury resulting from denervation following nerve injury

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • Other Modality Findings

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  • Microscopic Features

                                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                    • Presentation

                                                                      • Demographics

                                                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                          • Treatment

                                                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. Gupta A et al: MRI diagnosis of muscle denervation from herpes zoster with discordant distribution of the skin rash. Skeletal Radiol. 43(10):1481-5, 2014
                                                                              2. Mosole S et al: Long-term high-level exercise promotes muscle reinnervation with age. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 73(4):284-94, 2014
                                                                              3. Ohana M et al: Current and future imaging of the peripheral nervous system. Diagn Interv Imaging. 95(1):17-26, 2014
                                                                              4. Hu ZJ et al: Effect and possible mechanism of muscle-splitting approach on multifidus muscle injury and atrophy after posterior lumbar spine surgery. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 95(24):e192(1-9), 2013
                                                                              5. Sedano MJ et al: Muscle MRI in severe Guillain-Barré syndrome with motor nerve inexcitability. J Neurol. 260(6):1624-30, 2013
                                                                              6. Berciano J et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of lower limb musculature in acute motor axonal neuropathy. J Neurol. 259(6):1111-6, 2012
                                                                              7. Viddeleer AR et al: Sequential MR imaging of denervated and reinnervated skeletal muscle as correlated to functional outcome. Radiology. 264(2):522-30, 2012
                                                                              8. Kim SJ et al: MR imaging mapping of skeletal muscle denervation in entrapment and compressive neuropathies. Radiographics. 31(2):319-32, 2011
                                                                              9. Haig AJ: Paraspinal denervation and the spinal degenerative cascade. Spine J. 2(5):372-80, 2002
                                                                              10. Airaksinen O et al: Density of lumbar muscles 4 years after decompressive spinal surgery. Eur Spine J. 5(3):193-7, 1996
                                                                              11. Kotilainen E et al: Cross-sectional areas of lumbar muscles after surgical treatment of lumbar disc herniation. A study with magnetic resonance imaging after microdiscectomy or percutaneous nucleotomy. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 133(1-2):7-12, 1995