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Muscle Hernia
A. Carlson Merrow, Jr., MD, FAAP
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Myofascial hernia
            • Definitions

              • Fascial defect resulting in focal muscle protrusion

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • MR Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Demographics

                            • Treatment

                              Selected References

                              1. Artul S et al: The importance of dynamic ultrasound in the diagnosis of tibialis anterior muscle herniation. Crit Ultrasound J. 6(1):14, 2014
                              2. Jarrett DY et al: US diagnosis of pediatric muscle hernias of the lower extremities. Pediatr Radiol. 43 Suppl 1:S2-7, 2013
                              3. Nguyen JT et al: Muscle hernias of the leg: A case report and comprehensive review of the literature. Can J Plast Surg. 21(4):243-7, 2013
                              4. Counsel P et al: Muscle injuries of the lower leg. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 14(2):162-75, 2010
                              5. Henning PT et al: Use of postexercise ultrasonography to identify a symptomatic extensor digitorum longus muscle hernia associated with running. PM R. 1(12):1109-11, 2009
                              6. Bates DG: Dynamic ultrasound findings of bilateral anterior tibialis muscle herniation in a pediatric patient. Pediatr Radiol. 31(10):753-5, 2001
                              7. Mellado JM et al: Muscle hernias of the lower leg: MRI findings. Skeletal Radiol. 28(8):465-9, 1999
                              8. Bianchi S et al: Sonographic examination of muscle herniation. J Ultrasound Med. 14(5):357-60, 1995
                              Related Anatomy
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                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                              References
                              Tables

                              Tables

                              KEY FACTS

                              • Terminology

                                • Imaging

                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                    • Pathology

                                      • Clinical Issues

                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                        • Synonyms

                                          • Myofascial hernia
                                        • Definitions

                                          • Fascial defect resulting in focal muscle protrusion

                                        IMAGING

                                        • General Features

                                          • MR Findings

                                            • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                  • General Features

                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                    • Presentation

                                                      • Demographics

                                                        • Treatment

                                                          Selected References

                                                          1. Artul S et al: The importance of dynamic ultrasound in the diagnosis of tibialis anterior muscle herniation. Crit Ultrasound J. 6(1):14, 2014
                                                          2. Jarrett DY et al: US diagnosis of pediatric muscle hernias of the lower extremities. Pediatr Radiol. 43 Suppl 1:S2-7, 2013
                                                          3. Nguyen JT et al: Muscle hernias of the leg: A case report and comprehensive review of the literature. Can J Plast Surg. 21(4):243-7, 2013
                                                          4. Counsel P et al: Muscle injuries of the lower leg. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 14(2):162-75, 2010
                                                          5. Henning PT et al: Use of postexercise ultrasonography to identify a symptomatic extensor digitorum longus muscle hernia associated with running. PM R. 1(12):1109-11, 2009
                                                          6. Bates DG: Dynamic ultrasound findings of bilateral anterior tibialis muscle herniation in a pediatric patient. Pediatr Radiol. 31(10):753-5, 2001
                                                          7. Mellado JM et al: Muscle hernias of the lower leg: MRI findings. Skeletal Radiol. 28(8):465-9, 1999
                                                          8. Bianchi S et al: Sonographic examination of muscle herniation. J Ultrasound Med. 14(5):357-60, 1995