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Muscular Dystrophy
B. J. Manaster, MD, PhD, FACR; Kara G. Gill, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Clinical Issues

      TERMINOLOGY

      • Definitions

        • Group of inherited myopathies; Duchenne variety most commonly affects musculoskeletal system

      CLINICAL ISSUES

      • Presentation

        Selected References

        1. Venugopal V et al: Duchenne muscular dystrophy. StatPearls, 2021
        2. Straathof CS et al: Diagnosis of Becker muscular dystrophy: results of re-analysis of DNA samples. Muscle Nerve. 53(1):44-8, 2016
        3. Halawi MJ et al: Neuromuscular scoliosis: current concepts. Orthopedics. 38(6):e452-6, 2015
        4. McMillan HJ: Congenital muscular dystrophies: new evidence-based guidelines for the diagnosis and management of this evolving group of muscle disorders. Muscle Nerve. 51(6):791-2, 2015
        5. Forbes SC et al: Skeletal muscles of ambulant children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy: validation of multicenter study of evaluation with MR imaging and MR spectroscopy. Radiology. 269(1):198-207, 2013
        6. Degardin A et al: Morphologic imaging in muscular dystrophies and inflammatory myopathies. Skeletal Radiol. 39(12):1219-27, 2010
        7. Ahmad N et al: High-frequency ultrasound to grade disease progression in murine models of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. J Ultrasound Med. 28(6):707-16, 2009
        8. Barison A et al: Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and management of dilated cardiomyopathy in a Duchenne muscular dystrophy manifesting carrier. J Neurol. 256(2):283-4, 2009
        9. Baur LH: Early detection of cardiomyopathy in Duchenne muscular dystrophy, is there a role for MRI? Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 25(1):69-70, 2009
        10. Garrood P et al: MR imaging in Duchenne muscular dystrophy: quantification of T1-weighted signal, contrast uptake, and the effects of exercise. J Magn Reson Imaging. 30(5):1130-8, 2009
        11. Zoabli G et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of the erector spinae muscles in Duchenne muscular dystrophy: implication for scoliotic deformities. Scoliosis. 3:21, 2008
        Related Anatomy
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        References
        Tables

        Tables

        KEY FACTS

        • Terminology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Group of inherited myopathies; Duchenne variety most commonly affects musculoskeletal system

            CLINICAL ISSUES

            • Presentation

              Selected References

              1. Venugopal V et al: Duchenne muscular dystrophy. StatPearls, 2021
              2. Straathof CS et al: Diagnosis of Becker muscular dystrophy: results of re-analysis of DNA samples. Muscle Nerve. 53(1):44-8, 2016
              3. Halawi MJ et al: Neuromuscular scoliosis: current concepts. Orthopedics. 38(6):e452-6, 2015
              4. McMillan HJ: Congenital muscular dystrophies: new evidence-based guidelines for the diagnosis and management of this evolving group of muscle disorders. Muscle Nerve. 51(6):791-2, 2015
              5. Forbes SC et al: Skeletal muscles of ambulant children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy: validation of multicenter study of evaluation with MR imaging and MR spectroscopy. Radiology. 269(1):198-207, 2013
              6. Degardin A et al: Morphologic imaging in muscular dystrophies and inflammatory myopathies. Skeletal Radiol. 39(12):1219-27, 2010
              7. Ahmad N et al: High-frequency ultrasound to grade disease progression in murine models of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. J Ultrasound Med. 28(6):707-16, 2009
              8. Barison A et al: Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and management of dilated cardiomyopathy in a Duchenne muscular dystrophy manifesting carrier. J Neurol. 256(2):283-4, 2009
              9. Baur LH: Early detection of cardiomyopathy in Duchenne muscular dystrophy, is there a role for MRI? Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 25(1):69-70, 2009
              10. Garrood P et al: MR imaging in Duchenne muscular dystrophy: quantification of T1-weighted signal, contrast uptake, and the effects of exercise. J Magn Reson Imaging. 30(5):1130-8, 2009
              11. Zoabli G et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of the erector spinae muscles in Duchenne muscular dystrophy: implication for scoliotic deformities. Scoliosis. 3:21, 2008