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Myoma in Pregnancy
Roya Sohaey, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Synonyms

            • Fibroid
            • Leiomyoma/leiomyomata/fibroleiomyoma
          • Definitions

            • Common benign smooth muscle tumor

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Ultrasonographic Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                        • Microscopic Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                    • Reporting Tips

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Ghanaati H et al: Pregnancy and its outcomes in patients after uterine fibroid embolization: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 43(8):1122-33, 2020
                                      2. Karlsen K et al: Relationship between a uterine fibroid diagnosis and the risk of adverse obstetrical outcomes: a cohort study. BMJ Open. 10(2):e032104, 2020
                                      3. Cerdeira AS et al: Seeing red degeneration in uterine fibroids in pregnancy: proceed with caution. Lancet. 394(10212):e37, 2019
                                      4. Turocy JM et al: Uterine factor in recurrent pregnancy loss. Semin Perinatol. 43(2):74-9, 2019
                                      5. Milazzo GN et al: Myoma and myomectomy: Poor evidence concern in pregnancy. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 43(12):1789-804, 2017
                                      6. Muezzinoglu B et al: Pathological characteristics and clinical outcome of uterine leiomyomas associated with pregnancy. Pathol Res Pract. 207(11):691-4, 2011
                                      7. Munro MG: Uterine leiomyomas, current concepts: pathogenesis, impact on reproductive health, and medical, procedural, and surgical management. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 38(4):703-31, 2011
                                      8. Zaima A et al: Fibroid in pregnancy: characteristics, complications, and management. Postgrad Med J. 87(1034):819-28, 2011
                                      9. Laughlin SK et al: Pregnancy-related fibroid reduction. Fertil Steril. 94(6):2421-3, 2010
                                      10. Stout MJ et al: Leiomyomas at routine second-trimester ultrasound examination and adverse obstetric outcomes. Obstet Gynecol. 116(5):1056-63, 2010
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Clinical Issues

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Synonyms

                                                • Fibroid
                                                • Leiomyoma/leiomyomata/fibroleiomyoma
                                              • Definitions

                                                • Common benign smooth muscle tumor

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                  • MR Findings

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                            • Microscopic Features

                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                              • Presentation

                                                                • Demographics

                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                        • Reporting Tips

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Ghanaati H et al: Pregnancy and its outcomes in patients after uterine fibroid embolization: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 43(8):1122-33, 2020
                                                                          2. Karlsen K et al: Relationship between a uterine fibroid diagnosis and the risk of adverse obstetrical outcomes: a cohort study. BMJ Open. 10(2):e032104, 2020
                                                                          3. Cerdeira AS et al: Seeing red degeneration in uterine fibroids in pregnancy: proceed with caution. Lancet. 394(10212):e37, 2019
                                                                          4. Turocy JM et al: Uterine factor in recurrent pregnancy loss. Semin Perinatol. 43(2):74-9, 2019
                                                                          5. Milazzo GN et al: Myoma and myomectomy: Poor evidence concern in pregnancy. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 43(12):1789-804, 2017
                                                                          6. Muezzinoglu B et al: Pathological characteristics and clinical outcome of uterine leiomyomas associated with pregnancy. Pathol Res Pract. 207(11):691-4, 2011
                                                                          7. Munro MG: Uterine leiomyomas, current concepts: pathogenesis, impact on reproductive health, and medical, procedural, and surgical management. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 38(4):703-31, 2011
                                                                          8. Zaima A et al: Fibroid in pregnancy: characteristics, complications, and management. Postgrad Med J. 87(1034):819-28, 2011
                                                                          9. Laughlin SK et al: Pregnancy-related fibroid reduction. Fertil Steril. 94(6):2421-3, 2010
                                                                          10. Stout MJ et al: Leiomyomas at routine second-trimester ultrasound examination and adverse obstetric outcomes. Obstet Gynecol. 116(5):1056-63, 2010