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Nabothian Cyst
Henal Motiwala, MD; Barton F. Lane, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Mucus retention cyst, epithelial inclusion cyst, cervical cyst, ovula nabothi, nabothian follicle
            • Definitions

              • Mucus-filled cystic dilatation of endocervical gland
              • Tunnel cluster: Type of nabothian cyst, complex multicystic dilatation of endocervical glands

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Wildenberg JC et al: US of the nongravid cervix with multimodality imaging correlation: normal appearance, pathologic conditions, and diagnostic pitfalls. Radiographics. 36(2):596-617, 2016
                                          2. Dhanda S et al: Diffusion-weighted imaging of gynecologic tumors: diagnostic pearls and potential pitfalls. Radiographics. 34(5):1393-416, 2014
                                          3. Rodgers SK et al: Imaging after cesarean delivery: acute and chronic complications. Radiographics. 32(6):1693-712, 2012
                                          4. Bin Park S et al: Multilocular cystic lesions in the uterine cervix: broad spectrum of imaging features and pathologic correlation. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 195(2):517-23, 2010
                                          5. Dujardin M et al: Cystic lesions of the female reproductive system: a review. JBR-BTR. 93(2):56-61, 2010
                                          6. Rezvani M et al: Imaging of cervical pathology. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 21(4):261-71, 2010
                                          7. Sosnovski V et al: Complex nabothian cysts: a diagnostic dilemma. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 279(5):759-61, 2009
                                          8. Oguri H et al: MRI of endocervical glandular disorders: three cases of a deep nabothian cyst and three cases of a minimal-deviation adenocarcinoma. Magn Reson Imaging. 22(9):1333-7, 2004
                                          9. Li H et al: Markedly high signal intensity lesions in the uterine cervix on T2-weighted imaging: differentiation between mucin-producing carcinomas and nabothian cysts. Radiat Med. 17(2):137-43, 1999
                                          10. Janus C et al: Nabothian cysts stimulating an adnexal mass. Clin Imaging. 13(2):157-8, 1989
                                          11. Fogel SR et al: Sonography of Nabothian cysts. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 138(5):927-30, 1982
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Synonyms

                                                      • Mucus retention cyst, epithelial inclusion cyst, cervical cyst, ovula nabothi, nabothian follicle
                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Mucus-filled cystic dilatation of endocervical gland
                                                      • Tunnel cluster: Type of nabothian cyst, complex multicystic dilatation of endocervical glands

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • CT Findings

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                    • Microscopic Features

                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Wildenberg JC et al: US of the nongravid cervix with multimodality imaging correlation: normal appearance, pathologic conditions, and diagnostic pitfalls. Radiographics. 36(2):596-617, 2016
                                                                                  2. Dhanda S et al: Diffusion-weighted imaging of gynecologic tumors: diagnostic pearls and potential pitfalls. Radiographics. 34(5):1393-416, 2014
                                                                                  3. Rodgers SK et al: Imaging after cesarean delivery: acute and chronic complications. Radiographics. 32(6):1693-712, 2012
                                                                                  4. Bin Park S et al: Multilocular cystic lesions in the uterine cervix: broad spectrum of imaging features and pathologic correlation. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 195(2):517-23, 2010
                                                                                  5. Dujardin M et al: Cystic lesions of the female reproductive system: a review. JBR-BTR. 93(2):56-61, 2010
                                                                                  6. Rezvani M et al: Imaging of cervical pathology. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 21(4):261-71, 2010
                                                                                  7. Sosnovski V et al: Complex nabothian cysts: a diagnostic dilemma. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 279(5):759-61, 2009
                                                                                  8. Oguri H et al: MRI of endocervical glandular disorders: three cases of a deep nabothian cyst and three cases of a minimal-deviation adenocarcinoma. Magn Reson Imaging. 22(9):1333-7, 2004
                                                                                  9. Li H et al: Markedly high signal intensity lesions in the uterine cervix on T2-weighted imaging: differentiation between mucin-producing carcinomas and nabothian cysts. Radiat Med. 17(2):137-43, 1999
                                                                                  10. Janus C et al: Nabothian cysts stimulating an adnexal mass. Clin Imaging. 13(2):157-8, 1989
                                                                                  11. Fogel SR et al: Sonography of Nabothian cysts. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 138(5):927-30, 1982