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Neoplastic Pericarditis
Christopher M. Walker, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Neoplastic pericardial effusion
            • Definitions

              • Pericardial effusion &/or inflammation in patients with malignancy
                • Pericardial metastasis
                • Complications of treatment
                  • Radiation
                  • Chemotherapy
                  • Both
                • Infectious pericarditis
                • Idiopathic pericarditis
              • Does not necessarily imply malignant pericardial process

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    • Diagnosis

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Reporting Tips

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Buyukbayrak F et al: Pericardiectomy for treatment of neoplastic constrictive pericarditis. Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann. 22(3):296-300, 2014
                                          2. Burazor I et al: Malignant pericardial effusion. Cardiology. 124(4):224-32, 2013
                                          3. Imazio M et al: Management of pericardial effusion. Eur Heart J. 34(16):1186-97, 2013
                                          4. Restrepo CS et al: Primary pericardial tumors. Radiographics. 33(6):1613-30, 2013
                                          5. Tsoukalas N et al: Neoplastic pericarditis as the initial manifestation of a papillary thyroid carcinoma. Ups J Med Sci. 118(3):196-8, 2013
                                          6. Walker CM et al: Cardiac complications of oncologic therapy. Radiographics. 33(6):1801-15, 2013
                                          7. Makis W et al: Spectrum of malignant pleural and pericardial disease on FDG PET/CT. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 198(3):678-85, 2012
                                          8. Pawlak Cieślik A et al: Diagnosis of malignant pericarditis: a single centre experience. Kardiol Pol. 70(11):1147-53, 2012
                                          9. Maurer AH et al: How to differentiate benign versus malignant cardiac and paracardiac 18F FDG uptake at oncologic PET/CT. Radiographics. 31(5):1287-305, 2011
                                          10. Rajiah P: Cardiac MRI: Part 2, pericardial diseases. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 197(4):W621-34, 2011
                                          11. Refaat MM et al: Neoplastic pericardial effusion. Clin Cardiol. 34(10):593-8, 2011
                                          12. Prakash P et al: Imaging findings of pericardial metastasis on chest computed tomography. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 34(4):554-8, 2010
                                          13. Restrepo CS et al: Imaging findings in cardiac tamponade with emphasis on CT. Radiographics. 27(6):1595-610, 2007
                                          14. Wang ZJ et al: CT and MR imaging of pericardial disease. Radiographics. 23 Spec No:S167-80, 2003
                                          15. Chiles C et al: Metastatic involvement of the heart and pericardium: CT and MR imaging. Radiographics. 21(2):439-49, 2001
                                          16. Grebenc ML et al: Primary cardiac and pericardial neoplasms: radiologic-pathologic correlation. RadioGraphics. 20: 1073-1103, 2000
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Synonyms

                                                      • Neoplastic pericardial effusion
                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Pericardial effusion &/or inflammation in patients with malignancy
                                                        • Pericardial metastasis
                                                        • Complications of treatment
                                                          • Radiation
                                                          • Chemotherapy
                                                          • Both
                                                        • Infectious pericarditis
                                                        • Idiopathic pericarditis
                                                      • Does not necessarily imply malignant pericardial process

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Radiographic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • General Features

                                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                    • Presentation

                                                                      • Demographics

                                                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                          • Treatment

                                                                            • Diagnosis

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Reporting Tips

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Buyukbayrak F et al: Pericardiectomy for treatment of neoplastic constrictive pericarditis. Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann. 22(3):296-300, 2014
                                                                                  2. Burazor I et al: Malignant pericardial effusion. Cardiology. 124(4):224-32, 2013
                                                                                  3. Imazio M et al: Management of pericardial effusion. Eur Heart J. 34(16):1186-97, 2013
                                                                                  4. Restrepo CS et al: Primary pericardial tumors. Radiographics. 33(6):1613-30, 2013
                                                                                  5. Tsoukalas N et al: Neoplastic pericarditis as the initial manifestation of a papillary thyroid carcinoma. Ups J Med Sci. 118(3):196-8, 2013
                                                                                  6. Walker CM et al: Cardiac complications of oncologic therapy. Radiographics. 33(6):1801-15, 2013
                                                                                  7. Makis W et al: Spectrum of malignant pleural and pericardial disease on FDG PET/CT. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 198(3):678-85, 2012
                                                                                  8. Pawlak Cieślik A et al: Diagnosis of malignant pericarditis: a single centre experience. Kardiol Pol. 70(11):1147-53, 2012
                                                                                  9. Maurer AH et al: How to differentiate benign versus malignant cardiac and paracardiac 18F FDG uptake at oncologic PET/CT. Radiographics. 31(5):1287-305, 2011
                                                                                  10. Rajiah P: Cardiac MRI: Part 2, pericardial diseases. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 197(4):W621-34, 2011
                                                                                  11. Refaat MM et al: Neoplastic pericardial effusion. Clin Cardiol. 34(10):593-8, 2011
                                                                                  12. Prakash P et al: Imaging findings of pericardial metastasis on chest computed tomography. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 34(4):554-8, 2010
                                                                                  13. Restrepo CS et al: Imaging findings in cardiac tamponade with emphasis on CT. Radiographics. 27(6):1595-610, 2007
                                                                                  14. Wang ZJ et al: CT and MR imaging of pericardial disease. Radiographics. 23 Spec No:S167-80, 2003
                                                                                  15. Chiles C et al: Metastatic involvement of the heart and pericardium: CT and MR imaging. Radiographics. 21(2):439-49, 2001
                                                                                  16. Grebenc ML et al: Primary cardiac and pericardial neoplasms: radiologic-pathologic correlation. RadioGraphics. 20: 1073-1103, 2000