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Neurenteric Cyst
Kevin R. Moore, MD; Anne G. Osborn, MD, FACR
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Neurenteric cyst (NEC)
            • Synonyms

              • Neuroepithelial cyst, enterogenous cyst, enteric cyst
            • Definitions

              • Rare benign malformative endodermal CNS cyst

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Menéndez RH et al: Neurenteric cyst of the ventral craniocervical junction: case report and a literature review. World Neurosurg. ePub, 2019
                                      2. Lai PMR et al: Neurenteric cyst at the dorsal craniocervical junction in a child: case report. J Clin Neurosci. 48:86-9, 2018
                                      3. Can A et al: Spinal neurenteric cyst in association with Klippel-Feil syndrome: case report and literature review. World Neurosurg. 84(2):592.e9-14, 2015
                                      4. Medhi G et al: T1 hyperintense prepontine mass with restricted diffusion-a white epidermoid or a neuroenteric cyst? J Neuroimaging. 5(5):841-3, 2015
                                      5. Mathon B et al: Intracranial neurenteric cyst mimicking prepontine subarachnoid hemorrhage. Rev Neurol (Paris). 170(4):301-2, 2014
                                      6. Roder C et al: Neurenteric cysts of the cerebellopontine angle. J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg. 74 Suppl 1:e36-40, 2013
                                      7. Gauden AJ et al: Intracranial neuroenteric cysts: a concise review including an illustrative patient. J Clin Neurosci. 19(3):352-9, 2012
                                      8. Little MW et al: Neurenteric cyst of the anterior cranial fossa: case report and literature review. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 153(7):1519-25, 2011
                                      9. Preece MT et al: Intracranial neurenteric cysts: imaging and pathology spectrum. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 27(6):1211-6, 2006
                                      10. Christov C et al: Giant supratentorial enterogenous cyst: Report of a case, literature review, and discussion of pathogenesis. Neurosurg 54:759-63, 2004
                                      11. Simon JA et al: Intracranial neurenteric cysts: a differential diagnosis and review. Radiographics. 17(6):1587-93, 1997
                                      12. Gao P-Y et al: Neurenteric cysts: Pathology, imaging spectrum, differential diagnosis. IJNR 1: 17-27, 1995
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Pathology

                                              • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                TERMINOLOGY

                                                • Abbreviations

                                                  • Neurenteric cyst (NEC)
                                                • Synonyms

                                                  • Neuroepithelial cyst, enterogenous cyst, enteric cyst
                                                • Definitions

                                                  • Rare benign malformative endodermal CNS cyst

                                                IMAGING

                                                • General Features

                                                  • CT Findings

                                                    • MR Findings

                                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                              • Microscopic Features

                                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                • Presentation

                                                                  • Demographics

                                                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                      • Treatment

                                                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                        • Consider

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Menéndez RH et al: Neurenteric cyst of the ventral craniocervical junction: case report and a literature review. World Neurosurg. ePub, 2019
                                                                          2. Lai PMR et al: Neurenteric cyst at the dorsal craniocervical junction in a child: case report. J Clin Neurosci. 48:86-9, 2018
                                                                          3. Can A et al: Spinal neurenteric cyst in association with Klippel-Feil syndrome: case report and literature review. World Neurosurg. 84(2):592.e9-14, 2015
                                                                          4. Medhi G et al: T1 hyperintense prepontine mass with restricted diffusion-a white epidermoid or a neuroenteric cyst? J Neuroimaging. 5(5):841-3, 2015
                                                                          5. Mathon B et al: Intracranial neurenteric cyst mimicking prepontine subarachnoid hemorrhage. Rev Neurol (Paris). 170(4):301-2, 2014
                                                                          6. Roder C et al: Neurenteric cysts of the cerebellopontine angle. J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg. 74 Suppl 1:e36-40, 2013
                                                                          7. Gauden AJ et al: Intracranial neuroenteric cysts: a concise review including an illustrative patient. J Clin Neurosci. 19(3):352-9, 2012
                                                                          8. Little MW et al: Neurenteric cyst of the anterior cranial fossa: case report and literature review. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 153(7):1519-25, 2011
                                                                          9. Preece MT et al: Intracranial neurenteric cysts: imaging and pathology spectrum. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 27(6):1211-6, 2006
                                                                          10. Christov C et al: Giant supratentorial enterogenous cyst: Report of a case, literature review, and discussion of pathogenesis. Neurosurg 54:759-63, 2004
                                                                          11. Simon JA et al: Intracranial neurenteric cysts: a differential diagnosis and review. Radiographics. 17(6):1587-93, 1997
                                                                          12. Gao P-Y et al: Neurenteric cysts: Pathology, imaging spectrum, differential diagnosis. IJNR 1: 17-27, 1995