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Neurogenic Bladder
Bryan R. Foster, MD; Amir A. Borhani, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Bladder dysfunction caused by neurologic damage
              • Categorized based on level of neurologic damage into suprapontine, spinal (suprasacral, epiconal), peripheral, and sensory types

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                              • Treatment

                                Selected References

                                1. Hirshberg B et al: MDCT imaging of acute bladder pathology. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 49(6):422-30, 2020
                                2. Przydacz M et al: Recommendations for urological follow-up of patients with neurogenic bladder secondary to spinal cord injury. Int Urol Nephrol. 50(6):1005-16, 2018
                                3. Zderic SA et al: Voiding dysfunction: what can radiologists tell patients and pediatric urologists? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 205(5):W532-41, 2015
                                4. Jung JH et al: Establishment of the novel cystoscopic classification for bladder trabeculation of neurogenic bladder. Urology. 84(3):515-9, 2014
                                5. Klausner AP et al: The neurogenic bladder: an update with management strategies for primary care physicians. Med Clin North Am. 95(1):111-20, 2011
                                6. Basiri A et al: Renal transplant in patients with spinal cord injuries. Exp Clin Transplant. 7(1):28-32, 2009
                                7. Knapp MS: Bladder stimulation for neurogenic bladder. BMJ. 338:b1603, 2009
                                8. Zawin JK et al: Neurogenic dysfunction of the bladder in infants and children: recent advances and the role of radiology. Radiology. 182(2):297-304, 1992
                                9. Ruutu M et al: The value of urethrocystography in the investigation of patients with spinal cord injury. Clin Radiol. 35(6):485-9, 1984
                                10. Shapeero LG et al: Transrectal sonographic voiding cystourethrography: studies in neuromuscular bladder dysfunction. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 141(1):83-90, 1983
                                Related Anatomy
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                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                References
                                Tables

                                Tables

                                KEY FACTS

                                • Imaging

                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                    • Pathology

                                      • Clinical Issues

                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                        • Definitions

                                          • Bladder dysfunction caused by neurologic damage
                                            • Categorized based on level of neurologic damage into suprapontine, spinal (suprasacral, epiconal), peripheral, and sensory types

                                        IMAGING

                                        • General Features

                                          • Radiographic Findings

                                            • CT Findings

                                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                        • Presentation

                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                            • Treatment

                                                              Selected References

                                                              1. Hirshberg B et al: MDCT imaging of acute bladder pathology. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 49(6):422-30, 2020
                                                              2. Przydacz M et al: Recommendations for urological follow-up of patients with neurogenic bladder secondary to spinal cord injury. Int Urol Nephrol. 50(6):1005-16, 2018
                                                              3. Zderic SA et al: Voiding dysfunction: what can radiologists tell patients and pediatric urologists? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 205(5):W532-41, 2015
                                                              4. Jung JH et al: Establishment of the novel cystoscopic classification for bladder trabeculation of neurogenic bladder. Urology. 84(3):515-9, 2014
                                                              5. Klausner AP et al: The neurogenic bladder: an update with management strategies for primary care physicians. Med Clin North Am. 95(1):111-20, 2011
                                                              6. Basiri A et al: Renal transplant in patients with spinal cord injuries. Exp Clin Transplant. 7(1):28-32, 2009
                                                              7. Knapp MS: Bladder stimulation for neurogenic bladder. BMJ. 338:b1603, 2009
                                                              8. Zawin JK et al: Neurogenic dysfunction of the bladder in infants and children: recent advances and the role of radiology. Radiology. 182(2):297-304, 1992
                                                              9. Ruutu M et al: The value of urethrocystography in the investigation of patients with spinal cord injury. Clin Radiol. 35(6):485-9, 1984
                                                              10. Shapeero LG et al: Transrectal sonographic voiding cystourethrography: studies in neuromuscular bladder dysfunction. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 141(1):83-90, 1983