link
Bookmarks
Neutropenic Colitis (Typhlitis)
Michael P. Federle, MD, FACR
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology, please log in or subscribe.Log inSubscribe
0
13
1
6

KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Neutropenic enterocolitis, ileocecal syndrome
              • Definitions

                • Life-threatening, necrotizing enterocolitis occurring primarily in severely neutropenic patients

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                            Selected References

                                            1. del Campo L et al: Abdominal complications following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Radiographics. 34(2):396-412, 2014
                                            2. Talebian Yazdi A et al: Neutropenic colitis. JBR-BTR. 94(3):138-9, 2011
                                            3. Reyna-Figueroa J et al: Antibiotic Use Before Chemotherapy: A Risk Factor for Developing Neutropenic Colitis in Children With Leukemia. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. ePub, 2014
                                            4. Shafey A et al: Incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of enteritis, typhlitis, and colitis in children with acute leukemia. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 35(7):514-7, 2013
                                            5. Shvartsbeyn M et al: Pemetrexed-induced typhlitis in non-small cell lung cancer. J Thorac Oncol. 3(10):1188-90, 2008
                                            6. Davila ML: Neutropenic enterocolitis: current issues in diagnosis and management. Curr Infect Dis Rep. 9(2):116-20, 2007
                                            7. McCarville MB: Evaluation of typhlitis in children: CT versus US. Pediatr Radiol. 36(8):890-1, 2006
                                            8. McCarville MB et al: Typhlitis in childhood cancer. Cancer. 104(2):380-7, 2005
                                            9. Gayer G et al: Typhlitis as a rare cause of a psoas abscess. Abdom Imaging. 27(5):600-2, 2002
                                            10. Gayer G et al: Typhlitis: a computed tomography diagnosis. Isr Med Assoc J. 4(2):146-7, 2002
                                            11. Horton KM et al: CT evaluation of the colon: inflammatory disease. Radiographics. 20(2):399-418, 2000
                                            12. Kaste SC et al: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia presenting with typhlitis. Med Pediatr Oncol. 28(3):209-12, 1997
                                            13. Adams GW et al: CT detection of typhlitis. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 9(2):363-5, 1985
                                            14. Frick MP et al: Computed tomography of neutropenic colitis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 143(4):763-5, 1984
                                            Related Anatomy
                                            Loading...
                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
                                            Loading...
                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Pathology

                                                    • Clinical Issues

                                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Synonyms

                                                          • Neutropenic enterocolitis, ileocecal syndrome
                                                        • Definitions

                                                          • Life-threatening, necrotizing enterocolitis occurring primarily in severely neutropenic patients

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Radiographic Findings

                                                            • CT Findings

                                                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                                    • General Features

                                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                        • Microscopic Features

                                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                          • Presentation

                                                                            • Demographics

                                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                • Treatment

                                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                  • Consider

                                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. del Campo L et al: Abdominal complications following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Radiographics. 34(2):396-412, 2014
                                                                                      2. Talebian Yazdi A et al: Neutropenic colitis. JBR-BTR. 94(3):138-9, 2011
                                                                                      3. Reyna-Figueroa J et al: Antibiotic Use Before Chemotherapy: A Risk Factor for Developing Neutropenic Colitis in Children With Leukemia. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. ePub, 2014
                                                                                      4. Shafey A et al: Incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of enteritis, typhlitis, and colitis in children with acute leukemia. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 35(7):514-7, 2013
                                                                                      5. Shvartsbeyn M et al: Pemetrexed-induced typhlitis in non-small cell lung cancer. J Thorac Oncol. 3(10):1188-90, 2008
                                                                                      6. Davila ML: Neutropenic enterocolitis: current issues in diagnosis and management. Curr Infect Dis Rep. 9(2):116-20, 2007
                                                                                      7. McCarville MB: Evaluation of typhlitis in children: CT versus US. Pediatr Radiol. 36(8):890-1, 2006
                                                                                      8. McCarville MB et al: Typhlitis in childhood cancer. Cancer. 104(2):380-7, 2005
                                                                                      9. Gayer G et al: Typhlitis as a rare cause of a psoas abscess. Abdom Imaging. 27(5):600-2, 2002
                                                                                      10. Gayer G et al: Typhlitis: a computed tomography diagnosis. Isr Med Assoc J. 4(2):146-7, 2002
                                                                                      11. Horton KM et al: CT evaluation of the colon: inflammatory disease. Radiographics. 20(2):399-418, 2000
                                                                                      12. Kaste SC et al: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia presenting with typhlitis. Med Pediatr Oncol. 28(3):209-12, 1997
                                                                                      13. Adams GW et al: CT detection of typhlitis. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 9(2):363-5, 1985
                                                                                      14. Frick MP et al: Computed tomography of neutropenic colitis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 143(4):763-5, 1984