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Nonterminal Myelocystocele
Kevin R. Moore, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Cervical myelocystocele, thoracic myelocystocele
              • Definitions

                • Congenital skin-covered spinal malformation with dilated spinal cord canal protruding through dorsal dysraphism

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Gressot LV et al: Cervicothoracic nonterminal myelocystocele with mature teratoma. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 13(2):204-8, 2014
                                          2. Muthukumar N: Terminal and nonterminal myelocystoceles. J Neurosurg. 107(2 Suppl):87-97, 2007
                                          3. Andronikou S et al: Cervical spina bifida cystica: MRI differentiation of the subtypes in children. Childs Nerv Syst. 22(4):379-384, 2006
                                          4. Rossi A et al: Spectrum of nonterminal myelocystoceles. Neurosurgery. 58(3):509-15; discussion 509-15, 2006
                                          5. Salomao JF et al: Cystic spinal dysraphism of the cervical and upper thoracic region. Childs Nerv Syst. 22(3):234-42, 2006
                                          6. Salomao JF: Cervical meningocele in association with spinal abnormalities. Childs Nerv Syst. 21(1):4-5; author reply 6, 2005
                                          7. Meyer-Heim AD et al: Cervical myelomeningocele--follow-up of five patients. Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 7(6):407-12, 2003
                                          8. Nishio S et al: Cervical (myelo)meningocoele: report of 2 cases. J Clin Neurosci. 8(6):586-7, 2001
                                          9. Perez LM et al: Urological outcome of patients with cervical and upper thoracic myelomeningocele. J Urol. 164(3 Pt 2):962-4, 2000
                                          10. Sun JC et al: Cervical myelocystoceles and meningoceles: long-term follow-up. Pediatr Neurosurg. 33(3):118-22, 2000
                                          11. Ankola PA et al: Picture of the month. Cervical myelomeningocele. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 152(3):299-300, 1998
                                          12. Nishino A et al: Cervical myelocystocele with Chiari II malformation: magnetic resonance imaging and surgical treatment. Surg Neurol. 49(3):269-73, 1998
                                          13. Steinbok P et al: Cervical meningoceles and myelocystoceles: a unifying hypothesis. Pediatr Neurosurg. 23(6):317-22, 1995
                                          14. Steinbok P: Dysraphic lesions of the cervical spinal cord. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 6(2):367-76, 1995
                                          15. Pang D et al: Cervical myelomeningoceles. Neurosurgery. 33(3):363-72; discussion 372-3, 1993
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Synonyms

                                                        • Cervical myelocystocele, thoracic myelocystocele
                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • Congenital skin-covered spinal malformation with dilated spinal cord canal protruding through dorsal dysraphism

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • General Features

                                                                    • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                      • Microscopic Features

                                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                        • Presentation

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Gressot LV et al: Cervicothoracic nonterminal myelocystocele with mature teratoma. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 13(2):204-8, 2014
                                                                                  2. Muthukumar N: Terminal and nonterminal myelocystoceles. J Neurosurg. 107(2 Suppl):87-97, 2007
                                                                                  3. Andronikou S et al: Cervical spina bifida cystica: MRI differentiation of the subtypes in children. Childs Nerv Syst. 22(4):379-384, 2006
                                                                                  4. Rossi A et al: Spectrum of nonterminal myelocystoceles. Neurosurgery. 58(3):509-15; discussion 509-15, 2006
                                                                                  5. Salomao JF et al: Cystic spinal dysraphism of the cervical and upper thoracic region. Childs Nerv Syst. 22(3):234-42, 2006
                                                                                  6. Salomao JF: Cervical meningocele in association with spinal abnormalities. Childs Nerv Syst. 21(1):4-5; author reply 6, 2005
                                                                                  7. Meyer-Heim AD et al: Cervical myelomeningocele--follow-up of five patients. Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 7(6):407-12, 2003
                                                                                  8. Nishio S et al: Cervical (myelo)meningocoele: report of 2 cases. J Clin Neurosci. 8(6):586-7, 2001
                                                                                  9. Perez LM et al: Urological outcome of patients with cervical and upper thoracic myelomeningocele. J Urol. 164(3 Pt 2):962-4, 2000
                                                                                  10. Sun JC et al: Cervical myelocystoceles and meningoceles: long-term follow-up. Pediatr Neurosurg. 33(3):118-22, 2000
                                                                                  11. Ankola PA et al: Picture of the month. Cervical myelomeningocele. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 152(3):299-300, 1998
                                                                                  12. Nishino A et al: Cervical myelocystocele with Chiari II malformation: magnetic resonance imaging and surgical treatment. Surg Neurol. 49(3):269-73, 1998
                                                                                  13. Steinbok P et al: Cervical meningoceles and myelocystoceles: a unifying hypothesis. Pediatr Neurosurg. 23(6):317-22, 1995
                                                                                  14. Steinbok P: Dysraphic lesions of the cervical spinal cord. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 6(2):367-76, 1995
                                                                                  15. Pang D et al: Cervical myelomeningoceles. Neurosurgery. 33(3):363-72; discussion 372-3, 1993