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Nontraumatic Carotid-Cavernous Fistula
Gary M. Nesbit, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • CS dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF)
          • Synonyms

            • Indirect CCF, low-flow CCF, CS dAVF
          • Definitions

            • Arteriovenous shunt into cavernous sinus due to dural AV fistula or rupture of cavernous ICA aneurysm

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Imaging Recommendations

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • Angiographic Findings

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Treatment

                              Selected References

                              1. Théaudin M et al: Dural carotid-cavernous fistula: relationship between evolution of clinical symptoms and venous drainage changes. Cerebrovasc Dis. 25(4):382-4, 2008
                              2. Michels KS et al: Transvenous embolization of a dural carotid-cavernous sinus fistula via the inferior ophthalmic vein. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 23(6):480-2, 2007
                              3. Théaudin M et al: Diagnosis and treatment of dural carotid-cavernous fistulas: a consecutive series of 27 patients. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 78(2):174-9, 2007
                              4. Chen CC et al: CT angiography and MR angiography in the evaluation of carotid cavernous sinus fistula prior to embolization: a comparison of techniques. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 26(9):2349-56, 2005
                              5. Tsai YF et al: Utility of source images of three-dimensional time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography in the diagnosis of indirect carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas. J Neuroophthalmol. 24(4):285-9, 2004
                              Related Anatomy
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                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                              References
                              Tables

                              Tables

                              KEY FACTS

                              • Terminology

                                • Imaging

                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                    • Clinical Issues

                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                      • Abbreviations

                                        • CS dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF)
                                      • Synonyms

                                        • Indirect CCF, low-flow CCF, CS dAVF
                                      • Definitions

                                        • Arteriovenous shunt into cavernous sinus due to dural AV fistula or rupture of cavernous ICA aneurysm

                                      IMAGING

                                      • General Features

                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                          • CT Findings

                                            • MR Findings

                                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                • Angiographic Findings

                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                    • General Features

                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                      • Presentation

                                                        • Treatment

                                                          Selected References

                                                          1. Théaudin M et al: Dural carotid-cavernous fistula: relationship between evolution of clinical symptoms and venous drainage changes. Cerebrovasc Dis. 25(4):382-4, 2008
                                                          2. Michels KS et al: Transvenous embolization of a dural carotid-cavernous sinus fistula via the inferior ophthalmic vein. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 23(6):480-2, 2007
                                                          3. Théaudin M et al: Diagnosis and treatment of dural carotid-cavernous fistulas: a consecutive series of 27 patients. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 78(2):174-9, 2007
                                                          4. Chen CC et al: CT angiography and MR angiography in the evaluation of carotid cavernous sinus fistula prior to embolization: a comparison of techniques. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 26(9):2349-56, 2005
                                                          5. Tsai YF et al: Utility of source images of three-dimensional time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography in the diagnosis of indirect carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas. J Neuroophthalmol. 24(4):285-9, 2004