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Normal Skull Base Venous Variants
Bernadette L. Koch, MD; Christine M. Glastonbury, MBBS
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DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

    • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

      • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

        • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

          • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

            Selected References

            1. Reardon MA et al: Venous abnormalities leading to tinnitus: imaging evaluation. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 26(2):237-45, 2016
            2. Wangaryattawanich P et al: Contrast-enhanced reformatted MR images for preoperative assessment of the bridging veins of the skull base. Radiographics. 36(1):244-57, 2016
            3. Policeni BA et al: Imaging of the skull base: anatomy and pathology. Radiol Clin North Am. 53(1):1-14, 2015
            4. Pek├ževik Y et al: Why should we report posterior fossa emissary veins? Diagn Interv Radiol. 20(1):78-81, 2014
            5. Ginat DT et al: Multi-detector-row computed tomography imaging of variant skull base foramina. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 37(4):481-5, 2013
            6. Belden CJ et al: The developing anterior skull base: CT appearance from birth to 2 years of age. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 18(5):811-8, 1997
            Related Anatomy
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            Related Differential Diagnoses
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            References
            Tables

            Tables

            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

              ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

              • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

                • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

                  • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

                    • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

                      Selected References

                      1. Reardon MA et al: Venous abnormalities leading to tinnitus: imaging evaluation. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 26(2):237-45, 2016
                      2. Wangaryattawanich P et al: Contrast-enhanced reformatted MR images for preoperative assessment of the bridging veins of the skull base. Radiographics. 36(1):244-57, 2016
                      3. Policeni BA et al: Imaging of the skull base: anatomy and pathology. Radiol Clin North Am. 53(1):1-14, 2015
                      4. Pek├ževik Y et al: Why should we report posterior fossa emissary veins? Diagn Interv Radiol. 20(1):78-81, 2014
                      5. Ginat DT et al: Multi-detector-row computed tomography imaging of variant skull base foramina. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 37(4):481-5, 2013
                      6. Belden CJ et al: The developing anterior skull base: CT appearance from birth to 2 years of age. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 18(5):811-8, 1997