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Occipital Condyle Fracture
Jeffrey S. Ross, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Definitions

                • Bony disruption of occipital condyle

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • Fluoroscopic Findings

                    • CT Findings

                      • MR Findings

                        • Angiographic Findings

                          • Imaging Recommendations

                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                              PATHOLOGY

                              • General Features

                                • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Treatment

                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                          • Consider

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Theodore N et al: Occipital condyle fractures. Neurosurgery. 72 Suppl 2:106-13, 2013
                                            2. Maddox JJ et al: Non-operative Treatment of Occipital Condyle Fractures: An Outcomes Review of 32 Fractures. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). Epub ahead of print, 2012
                                            3. Malham GM et al: Occipital condyle fractures: incidence and clinical follow-up at a level 1 trauma centre. Emerg Radiol. 16(4):291-7, 2009
                                            4. Maserati MB et al: Occipital condyle fractures: clinical decision rule and surgical management. J Neurosurg Spine. 11(4):388-95, 2009
                                            5. Momjian S et al: Occipital condyle fractures in children. Case report and review of the literature. Pediatr Neurosurg. 38(5):265-70, 2003
                                            6. Hadley et al: Occipital condyle fractures. Neurosurgery. 50(3 Suppl):S114-9, 2002
                                            7. Hanson JA et al: Radiologic and clinical spectrum of occipital condyle fractures: retrospective review of 107 consecutive fractures in 95 patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 178(5):1261-8, 2002
                                            8. Demisch S et al: The forgotten condyle: Delayed hypoglossal nerve palsy caused by fracture of the occipital condyle. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 100(1):44-5, 1998
                                            9. Bloom AI et al: Fracture of the occipital condyles and associated craniocervical ligament injury: incidence, CT imaging and implications. Clin Radiol. 52(3):198-202, 1997
                                            10. Tuli S et al: Occipital condyle fractures. Neurosurgery. 41(2):368-76; discussion 376-7, 1997
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Pathology

                                                    • Clinical Issues

                                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Definitions

                                                          • Bony disruption of occipital condyle

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Radiographic Findings

                                                            • Fluoroscopic Findings

                                                              • CT Findings

                                                                • MR Findings

                                                                  • Angiographic Findings

                                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                                        • General Features

                                                                          • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                            • Presentation

                                                                              • Demographics

                                                                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                  • Treatment

                                                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                    • Consider

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Theodore N et al: Occipital condyle fractures. Neurosurgery. 72 Suppl 2:106-13, 2013
                                                                                      2. Maddox JJ et al: Non-operative Treatment of Occipital Condyle Fractures: An Outcomes Review of 32 Fractures. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). Epub ahead of print, 2012
                                                                                      3. Malham GM et al: Occipital condyle fractures: incidence and clinical follow-up at a level 1 trauma centre. Emerg Radiol. 16(4):291-7, 2009
                                                                                      4. Maserati MB et al: Occipital condyle fractures: clinical decision rule and surgical management. J Neurosurg Spine. 11(4):388-95, 2009
                                                                                      5. Momjian S et al: Occipital condyle fractures in children. Case report and review of the literature. Pediatr Neurosurg. 38(5):265-70, 2003
                                                                                      6. Hadley et al: Occipital condyle fractures. Neurosurgery. 50(3 Suppl):S114-9, 2002
                                                                                      7. Hanson JA et al: Radiologic and clinical spectrum of occipital condyle fractures: retrospective review of 107 consecutive fractures in 95 patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 178(5):1261-8, 2002
                                                                                      8. Demisch S et al: The forgotten condyle: Delayed hypoglossal nerve palsy caused by fracture of the occipital condyle. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 100(1):44-5, 1998
                                                                                      9. Bloom AI et al: Fracture of the occipital condyles and associated craniocervical ligament injury: incidence, CT imaging and implications. Clin Radiol. 52(3):198-202, 1997
                                                                                      10. Tuli S et al: Occipital condyle fractures. Neurosurgery. 41(2):368-76; discussion 376-7, 1997