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Odontoma
Dania Tamimi, BDS, DMSc
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Odontome, compound composite odontoma, complex composite odontoma, odontogenic hamartoma, calcified mixed odontoma, cystic odontoma
            • Definitions

              • Tumor that produces mature tooth structures: Enamel, dentin, cementum, pulp tissue
              • Hamartoma of well-differentiated tooth structure
              • 2 main types
                • Compound: Looks like multiple small teeth
                • Complex: Amorphous mineralized mass with no resemblance to teeth

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                        • Reporting Tips

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Dagrus K et al: Dentigerous cyst arising from a complex odontoma: an unusual presentation. BMJ Case Rep. 2016, 2016
                                          2. Girish G et al: Compound composite odontoma. J Oral Maxillofac Pathol. 20(1):162, 2016
                                          3. Jayachandran S et al: Dilated odontoma: A report of two cases from a radiological perspective. Contemp Clin Dent. 7(1):107-10, 2016
                                          4. Santos LA et al: Complex odontoma: a case report with micro-computed tomography findings. Case Rep Dent. 2016:3584751, 2016
                                          5. Sharma G et al: An erupted dilated odontoma: a rare presentation. Case Rep Dent. 2016:9750947, 2016
                                          6. Verma S et al: Erupted complex odontoma of the posterior maxilla: A rarity. J Nat Sci Biol Med. 6(Suppl 1):S167-9, 2015
                                          7. Chrcanovic BR et al: Two-stage surgical removal of large complex odontoma. Oral Maxillofac Surg. 14(4):247-52, 2010
                                          8. Marques YM et al: Importance of cone beam computed tomography for diagnosis of calcifying cystic odontogenic tumour associated to odontoma. Report of a case. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 15(3):e490-3, 2010
                                          9. Bhatavadekar NB et al: The use of digital volume tomography in imaging an unusually large composite odontoma in the mandible. Pediatr Dent. 31(5):438-41, 2009
                                          10. Isler SC et al: Radiologic evaluation of an unusually sized complex odontoma involving the maxillary sinus by cone beam computed tomography. Quintessence Int. 40(7):533-5, 2009
                                          11. Teruhisa U et al: A case of unerupted lower primary second molar associated with compound odontoma. Open Dent J. 3:173-6, 2009
                                          12. Bordini J Jr et al: Multiple compound odontomas in the jaw: case report and analysis of the literature. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 66(12):2617-20, 2008
                                          13. Tam D et al: Compound odontoma causing airway obstruction of the newborn: a case report. J Laryngol Otol. 120(10):879-81, 2006
                                          14. Litonjua LA et al: Erupted complex odontoma: a case report and literature review. Gen Dent. 52(3):248-51, 2004
                                          15. Mupparapu M et al: Complex odontoma of unusual size involving the maxillary sinus: report of a case and review of CT and histopathologic features. Quintessence Int. 35(8):641-5, 2004
                                          16. Sheehy EC et al: Odontomas in the primary dentition: literature review and case report. J Dent Child (Chic). 71(1):73-6, 2004
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Synonyms

                                                      • Odontome, compound composite odontoma, complex composite odontoma, odontogenic hamartoma, calcified mixed odontoma, cystic odontoma
                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Tumor that produces mature tooth structures: Enamel, dentin, cementum, pulp tissue
                                                      • Hamartoma of well-differentiated tooth structure
                                                      • 2 main types
                                                        • Compound: Looks like multiple small teeth
                                                        • Complex: Amorphous mineralized mass with no resemblance to teeth

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Radiographic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • Imaging Recommendations

                                                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                              PATHOLOGY

                                                              • General Features

                                                                • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                    • Presentation

                                                                      • Demographics

                                                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                          • Treatment

                                                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                            • Consider

                                                                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                • Reporting Tips

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Dagrus K et al: Dentigerous cyst arising from a complex odontoma: an unusual presentation. BMJ Case Rep. 2016, 2016
                                                                                  2. Girish G et al: Compound composite odontoma. J Oral Maxillofac Pathol. 20(1):162, 2016
                                                                                  3. Jayachandran S et al: Dilated odontoma: A report of two cases from a radiological perspective. Contemp Clin Dent. 7(1):107-10, 2016
                                                                                  4. Santos LA et al: Complex odontoma: a case report with micro-computed tomography findings. Case Rep Dent. 2016:3584751, 2016
                                                                                  5. Sharma G et al: An erupted dilated odontoma: a rare presentation. Case Rep Dent. 2016:9750947, 2016
                                                                                  6. Verma S et al: Erupted complex odontoma of the posterior maxilla: A rarity. J Nat Sci Biol Med. 6(Suppl 1):S167-9, 2015
                                                                                  7. Chrcanovic BR et al: Two-stage surgical removal of large complex odontoma. Oral Maxillofac Surg. 14(4):247-52, 2010
                                                                                  8. Marques YM et al: Importance of cone beam computed tomography for diagnosis of calcifying cystic odontogenic tumour associated to odontoma. Report of a case. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 15(3):e490-3, 2010
                                                                                  9. Bhatavadekar NB et al: The use of digital volume tomography in imaging an unusually large composite odontoma in the mandible. Pediatr Dent. 31(5):438-41, 2009
                                                                                  10. Isler SC et al: Radiologic evaluation of an unusually sized complex odontoma involving the maxillary sinus by cone beam computed tomography. Quintessence Int. 40(7):533-5, 2009
                                                                                  11. Teruhisa U et al: A case of unerupted lower primary second molar associated with compound odontoma. Open Dent J. 3:173-6, 2009
                                                                                  12. Bordini J Jr et al: Multiple compound odontomas in the jaw: case report and analysis of the literature. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 66(12):2617-20, 2008
                                                                                  13. Tam D et al: Compound odontoma causing airway obstruction of the newborn: a case report. J Laryngol Otol. 120(10):879-81, 2006
                                                                                  14. Litonjua LA et al: Erupted complex odontoma: a case report and literature review. Gen Dent. 52(3):248-51, 2004
                                                                                  15. Mupparapu M et al: Complex odontoma of unusual size involving the maxillary sinus: report of a case and review of CT and histopathologic features. Quintessence Int. 35(8):641-5, 2004
                                                                                  16. Sheehy EC et al: Odontomas in the primary dentition: literature review and case report. J Dent Child (Chic). 71(1):73-6, 2004