link
Bookmarks
Omental Infarct
Siva P. Raman, MD
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology, please log in or subscribe.Log inSubscribe
0
13
3
4

KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Fat necrosis caused by interruption of arterial blood supply to omentum

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • CT Findings

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                        Selected References

                                        1. Patlas MN et al: Cross-sectional imaging of nontraumatic peritoneal and mesenteric emergencies. Can Assoc Radiol J. 64(2):148-53, 2013
                                        2. Ryan J et al: Education and imaging: gastrointestinal: omental infarction. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 28(2):378, 2013
                                        3. Kamaya A et al: Imaging manifestations of abdominal fat necrosis and its mimics. Radiographics. 31(7):2021-34, 2011
                                        4. Kerr SF et al: Postoperative omental infarction following colonic resection. Clin Radiol. 67(2):134-9, 2012
                                        5. Itenberg E et al: Modern management of omental torsion and omental infarction: a surgeon's perspective. J Surg Educ. 67(1):44-7, 2010
                                        6. Sasmal PK et al: Omental torsion and infarction: a diagnostic dilemma and its laparoscopic management. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 20(3):225-9, 2010
                                        7. Jeon YS et al: Is it from the mesentery or the omentum? MDCT features of various pathologic conditions in intraperitoneal fat planes. Surg Radiol Anat. 31(1):3-11, 2009
                                        8. Abdennasser el K et al: Omental torsion and infarction: CT appearance. Intern Med. 47(1):73-4, 2008
                                        9. Battaglia L et al: Simultaneous idiopathic segmental infarction of the great omentum and acute appendicitis: a rare association. World J Emerg Surg. 3:30, 2008
                                        10. Bestman TJ et al: An Unusual Complication after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: Torsion and Infarction of the Divided Omentum. Obes Surg. Epub ahead of print, 2008
                                        11. Cianci R et al: Idiopathic segmental infarction of the greater omentum diagnosed by unenhanced multidetector-row CT and treated successfully by laparoscopy. Emerg Radiol. 15(1):51-6, 2008
                                        12. Fu CY et al: Acute abdominal pain caused by spontaneous hemorrhagic infarction of a solitary plexiform neurofibroma of lesser omentum. Z Gastroenterol. 46(4):344-7, 2008
                                        13. Garg AG et al: Inflammatory fatty masses of the abdomen. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 29(5):378-85, 2008
                                        14. Mihrshahi S et al: Primary idiopathic omental infarction in the adult. ANZ J Surg. 78(10):931-2, 2008
                                        15. Park TU et al: Omental infarction: Case series and review of the literature. J Emerg Med. Epub ahead of print, 2008
                                        16. Ramos CT et al: Laparoscopic omentectomy for omental infarction after bicycle handlebar injury. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 18(2):327-9, 2008
                                        17. Rao A et al: Segmental omental infarction. Emerg Radiol. 14(3):195-7, 2007
                                        18. Coulier B: Segmental omental infarction in childhood: a typical case diagnosed by CT allowing successful conservative treatment. Pediatr Radiol. 36(2):141-3, 2006
                                        19. Hirano Y et al: Left-sided omental torsion with inguinal hernia. World J Gastroenterol. 12(4):662-4, 2006
                                        20. Singh AK et al: Omental infarct: CT imaging features. Abdom Imaging. 2006
                                        21. Van Kerkhove F et al: Omental infarction in childhood. JBR-BTR. 89(4):198-200, 2006
                                        22. Bachar GN et al: Sonographic diagnosis of right segmental omental infarction. J Clin Ultrasound. 33(2):76-9, 2005
                                        23. Feo CF et al: Primary torsion of the greater omentum: a difficult diagnosis. Dig Dis Sci. 50(7):1283-4, 2005
                                        24. Kerem M et al: Torsion of the greater omentum: preoperative computed tomographic diagnosis and therapeutic laparoscopy. JSLS. 9(4):494-6, 2005
                                        25. Loh MH et al: Omental infarction--a mimicker of acute appendicitis in children. J Pediatr Surg. 40(8):1224-6, 2005
                                        26. Singh AK et al: Acute epiploic appendagitis and its mimics. Radiographics. 25(6):1521-34, 2005
                                        27. van Breda Vriesman AC et al: Omental infarction: a self-limiting disease. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 185(1):280; author reply 280-1, 2005
                                        28. Abadir JS et al: Accurate diagnosis of infarction of omentum and appendices epiploicae by computed tomography. Am Surg. 70(10):854-7, 2004
                                        29. Pereira JM et al: Disproportionate fat stranding: a helpful CT sign in patients with acute abdominal pain. Radiographics. 24(3):703-15, 2004
                                        30. Singh AK et al: Omental infarct: an unusual CT appearance after superior mesenteric artery occlusion. Emerg Radiol. 10(5):276-8, 2004
                                        31. Macari M et al: The acute right lower quadrant: CT evaluation. Radiol Clin North Am. 41(6):1117-36, 2003
                                        32. Paroz A et al: Idiopathic segmental infarction of the greater omentum: a rare cause of acute abdomen. J Gastrointest Surg. 7(6):805-8, 2003
                                        33. Varjavandi V et al: Omental infarction: risk factors in children. J Pediatr Surg. 38(2):233-5, 2003
                                        34. Grattan-Smith JD et al: Omental infarction in pediatric patients: sonographic and CT findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 178(6):1537-9, 2002
                                        35. McClure MJ et al: Radiological features of epiploic appendagitis and segmental omental infarction. Clin Radiol. 56(10):819-27, 2001
                                        36. Amin Z et al: A case of acute right-sided abdominal pain. Br J Radiol. 72(856):421-2, 1999
                                        37. Schlesinger AE et al: Sonographic appearance of omental infarction in children. Pediatr Radiol. 29(8):598-601, 1999
                                        Related Anatomy
                                        Loading...
                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
                                        Loading...
                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Terminology

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Pathology

                                              • Clinical Issues

                                                TERMINOLOGY

                                                • Definitions

                                                  • Fat necrosis caused by interruption of arterial blood supply to omentum

                                                IMAGING

                                                • General Features

                                                  • CT Findings

                                                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                      • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                            PATHOLOGY

                                                            • General Features

                                                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                • Microscopic Features

                                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                  • Presentation

                                                                    • Demographics

                                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                        • Treatment

                                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                          • Consider

                                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. Patlas MN et al: Cross-sectional imaging of nontraumatic peritoneal and mesenteric emergencies. Can Assoc Radiol J. 64(2):148-53, 2013
                                                                              2. Ryan J et al: Education and imaging: gastrointestinal: omental infarction. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 28(2):378, 2013
                                                                              3. Kamaya A et al: Imaging manifestations of abdominal fat necrosis and its mimics. Radiographics. 31(7):2021-34, 2011
                                                                              4. Kerr SF et al: Postoperative omental infarction following colonic resection. Clin Radiol. 67(2):134-9, 2012
                                                                              5. Itenberg E et al: Modern management of omental torsion and omental infarction: a surgeon's perspective. J Surg Educ. 67(1):44-7, 2010
                                                                              6. Sasmal PK et al: Omental torsion and infarction: a diagnostic dilemma and its laparoscopic management. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 20(3):225-9, 2010
                                                                              7. Jeon YS et al: Is it from the mesentery or the omentum? MDCT features of various pathologic conditions in intraperitoneal fat planes. Surg Radiol Anat. 31(1):3-11, 2009
                                                                              8. Abdennasser el K et al: Omental torsion and infarction: CT appearance. Intern Med. 47(1):73-4, 2008
                                                                              9. Battaglia L et al: Simultaneous idiopathic segmental infarction of the great omentum and acute appendicitis: a rare association. World J Emerg Surg. 3:30, 2008
                                                                              10. Bestman TJ et al: An Unusual Complication after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: Torsion and Infarction of the Divided Omentum. Obes Surg. Epub ahead of print, 2008
                                                                              11. Cianci R et al: Idiopathic segmental infarction of the greater omentum diagnosed by unenhanced multidetector-row CT and treated successfully by laparoscopy. Emerg Radiol. 15(1):51-6, 2008
                                                                              12. Fu CY et al: Acute abdominal pain caused by spontaneous hemorrhagic infarction of a solitary plexiform neurofibroma of lesser omentum. Z Gastroenterol. 46(4):344-7, 2008
                                                                              13. Garg AG et al: Inflammatory fatty masses of the abdomen. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 29(5):378-85, 2008
                                                                              14. Mihrshahi S et al: Primary idiopathic omental infarction in the adult. ANZ J Surg. 78(10):931-2, 2008
                                                                              15. Park TU et al: Omental infarction: Case series and review of the literature. J Emerg Med. Epub ahead of print, 2008
                                                                              16. Ramos CT et al: Laparoscopic omentectomy for omental infarction after bicycle handlebar injury. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 18(2):327-9, 2008
                                                                              17. Rao A et al: Segmental omental infarction. Emerg Radiol. 14(3):195-7, 2007
                                                                              18. Coulier B: Segmental omental infarction in childhood: a typical case diagnosed by CT allowing successful conservative treatment. Pediatr Radiol. 36(2):141-3, 2006
                                                                              19. Hirano Y et al: Left-sided omental torsion with inguinal hernia. World J Gastroenterol. 12(4):662-4, 2006
                                                                              20. Singh AK et al: Omental infarct: CT imaging features. Abdom Imaging. 2006
                                                                              21. Van Kerkhove F et al: Omental infarction in childhood. JBR-BTR. 89(4):198-200, 2006
                                                                              22. Bachar GN et al: Sonographic diagnosis of right segmental omental infarction. J Clin Ultrasound. 33(2):76-9, 2005
                                                                              23. Feo CF et al: Primary torsion of the greater omentum: a difficult diagnosis. Dig Dis Sci. 50(7):1283-4, 2005
                                                                              24. Kerem M et al: Torsion of the greater omentum: preoperative computed tomographic diagnosis and therapeutic laparoscopy. JSLS. 9(4):494-6, 2005
                                                                              25. Loh MH et al: Omental infarction--a mimicker of acute appendicitis in children. J Pediatr Surg. 40(8):1224-6, 2005
                                                                              26. Singh AK et al: Acute epiploic appendagitis and its mimics. Radiographics. 25(6):1521-34, 2005
                                                                              27. van Breda Vriesman AC et al: Omental infarction: a self-limiting disease. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 185(1):280; author reply 280-1, 2005
                                                                              28. Abadir JS et al: Accurate diagnosis of infarction of omentum and appendices epiploicae by computed tomography. Am Surg. 70(10):854-7, 2004
                                                                              29. Pereira JM et al: Disproportionate fat stranding: a helpful CT sign in patients with acute abdominal pain. Radiographics. 24(3):703-15, 2004
                                                                              30. Singh AK et al: Omental infarct: an unusual CT appearance after superior mesenteric artery occlusion. Emerg Radiol. 10(5):276-8, 2004
                                                                              31. Macari M et al: The acute right lower quadrant: CT evaluation. Radiol Clin North Am. 41(6):1117-36, 2003
                                                                              32. Paroz A et al: Idiopathic segmental infarction of the greater omentum: a rare cause of acute abdomen. J Gastrointest Surg. 7(6):805-8, 2003
                                                                              33. Varjavandi V et al: Omental infarction: risk factors in children. J Pediatr Surg. 38(2):233-5, 2003
                                                                              34. Grattan-Smith JD et al: Omental infarction in pediatric patients: sonographic and CT findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 178(6):1537-9, 2002
                                                                              35. McClure MJ et al: Radiological features of epiploic appendagitis and segmental omental infarction. Clin Radiol. 56(10):819-27, 2001
                                                                              36. Amin Z et al: A case of acute right-sided abdominal pain. Br J Radiol. 72(856):421-2, 1999
                                                                              37. Schlesinger AE et al: Sonographic appearance of omental infarction in children. Pediatr Radiol. 29(8):598-601, 1999