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Omphalocele
Emily Edwards, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Exomphalos
            • Definitions

              • Membrane-covered midline abdominal wall defect with herniation of abdominal contents into umbilical cord base

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Adams AD et al: Omphalocele-what should we tell the prospective parents? Prenat Diagn. 41(4):486-96, 2021
                                      2. Hijkoop A et al: Omphalocele: from diagnosis to growth and development at 2 years of age. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 104(1):F18-23, 2019
                                      3. Verla MA et al: Prenatal diagnosis and management of omphalocele. Semin Pediatr Surg. 28(2):84-8, 2019
                                      4. Conner P et al: Accuracy and impact of prenatal diagnosis in infants with omphalocele. Pediatr Surg Int. 34(6):629-33, 2018
                                      5. Fawley JA et al: Can omphalocele ratio predict postnatal outcomes? J Pediatr Surg. 51(1):62-6, 2016
                                      6. Akinkuotu AC et al: Are all pulmonary hypoplasias the same? A comparison of pulmonary outcomes in neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia, omphalocele and congenital lung malformation. J Pediatr Surg. 50(1):55-9, 2015
                                      7. Marshall J et al: Prevalence, correlates, and outcomes of omphalocele in the United States, 1995-2005. Obstet Gynecol. 126(2):284-93, 2015
                                      8. Pakdaman R et al: Complex abdominal wall defects: appearances at prenatal imaging. Radiographics. 35(2):636-49, 2015
                                      9. Cohen-Overbeek TE et al: Omphalocele: comparison of outcome following prenatal or postnatal diagnosis. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 36(6):687-92, 2010
                                      10. Mitanchez D et al: Neonatal care in patients with giant ompholocele: arduous management but favorable outcomes. J Pediatr Surg. 45(8):1727-33, 2010
                                      11. Sadler TW: The embryologic origin of ventral body wall defects. Semin Pediatr Surg. 19(3):209-14, 2010
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Pathology

                                              • Clinical Issues

                                                TERMINOLOGY

                                                • Synonyms

                                                  • Exomphalos
                                                • Definitions

                                                  • Membrane-covered midline abdominal wall defect with herniation of abdominal contents into umbilical cord base

                                                IMAGING

                                                • General Features

                                                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                    • MR Findings

                                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                • Presentation

                                                                  • Demographics

                                                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                      • Treatment

                                                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Adams AD et al: Omphalocele-what should we tell the prospective parents? Prenat Diagn. 41(4):486-96, 2021
                                                                          2. Hijkoop A et al: Omphalocele: from diagnosis to growth and development at 2 years of age. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 104(1):F18-23, 2019
                                                                          3. Verla MA et al: Prenatal diagnosis and management of omphalocele. Semin Pediatr Surg. 28(2):84-8, 2019
                                                                          4. Conner P et al: Accuracy and impact of prenatal diagnosis in infants with omphalocele. Pediatr Surg Int. 34(6):629-33, 2018
                                                                          5. Fawley JA et al: Can omphalocele ratio predict postnatal outcomes? J Pediatr Surg. 51(1):62-6, 2016
                                                                          6. Akinkuotu AC et al: Are all pulmonary hypoplasias the same? A comparison of pulmonary outcomes in neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia, omphalocele and congenital lung malformation. J Pediatr Surg. 50(1):55-9, 2015
                                                                          7. Marshall J et al: Prevalence, correlates, and outcomes of omphalocele in the United States, 1995-2005. Obstet Gynecol. 126(2):284-93, 2015
                                                                          8. Pakdaman R et al: Complex abdominal wall defects: appearances at prenatal imaging. Radiographics. 35(2):636-49, 2015
                                                                          9. Cohen-Overbeek TE et al: Omphalocele: comparison of outcome following prenatal or postnatal diagnosis. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 36(6):687-92, 2010
                                                                          10. Mitanchez D et al: Neonatal care in patients with giant ompholocele: arduous management but favorable outcomes. J Pediatr Surg. 45(8):1727-33, 2010
                                                                          11. Sadler TW: The embryologic origin of ventral body wall defects. Semin Pediatr Surg. 19(3):209-14, 2010