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Opportunistic Renal Infections
Alessandro Furlan, MD; Amir A. Borhani, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Diagnostic Checklist

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Renal involvement by unusual infections in immunocompromised or debilitated host

          IMAGING

          • Imaging Recommendations

            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

              • Consider

                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                  Selected References

                  1. Saneesh PS et al: Isolated renal mucormycosis presenting with bilateral renal artery thrombosis: a case report. Afr J Urol. 27(1):86, 2021
                  2. Orlowski HLP et al: Imaging spectrum of invasive fungal and fungal-like infections. Radiographics. 37(4):1119-34, 2017
                  3. Meng XC et al: Renal aspergillosis after liver transplantation: clinical and imaging manifestations in two cases. World J Gastroenterol. 20(48):18495-502, 2014
                  4. Merchant S et al: Tuberculosis of the genitourinary system-urinary tract tuberculosis: renal tuberculosis-Part I. Indian J Radiol Imaging. 23(1):46-63, 2013
                  5. Sadegi BJ et al: Primary renal candidiasis: importance of imaging and clinical history in diagnosis and management. J Ultrasound Med. 28(4):507-14, 2009
                  6. Craig WD et al: Pyelonephritis: radiologic-pathologic review. Radiographics. 28(1):255-77; quiz 327-8, 2008
                  7. Oosten AW et al: Bilateral renal aspergillosis in a patient with AIDS: a case report and review of reported cases. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 22(1):1-6, 2008
                  8. Symeonidou C et al: Imaging and histopathologic features of HIV-related renal disease. RadioGraphics 28: 1339-54; 2008
                  9. Dyer RB et al: Classic signs in uroradiology. Radiographics. 24 Suppl 1:S247-80, 2004
                  10. Morello FA Jr et al: Removal of renal fungus balls using a mechanical thrombectomy device. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 178(5):1191-3, 2002
                  11. Poll LW et al: CT appearance of a renal aspergilloma in a patient with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Urol Int. 62(2):110-3, 1999
                  12. Kawashima A et al: CT of renal inflammatory disease. Radiographics. 17: 851-66, 1997
                  13. Martinez-Jabaloyas J et al: Renal aspergillosis and AIDS. Eur Urol. 27(2):167-9, 1995
                  14. Santos J et al: Isolated renal mucormycosis in two AIDS patients. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 13(5):430-2, 1994
                  15. Irby PB et al: Fungal bezoars of the upper urinary tract. J Urol. 143(3):447-51, 1990
                  16. Lubat E et al: Extrapulmonary Pneumocystis carinii infection in AIDS: CT findings. Radiology. 174(1):157-60, 1990
                  17. Doemeny JM et al: Percutaneous extraction of renal fungus ball. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 150(6):1331-2, 1988
                  Related Anatomy
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                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                  References
                  Tables

                  Tables

                  KEY FACTS

                  • Terminology

                    • Imaging

                      • Top Differential Diagnoses

                        • Diagnostic Checklist

                          TERMINOLOGY

                          • Definitions

                            • Renal involvement by unusual infections in immunocompromised or debilitated host

                          IMAGING

                          • Imaging Recommendations

                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                              • Consider

                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Saneesh PS et al: Isolated renal mucormycosis presenting with bilateral renal artery thrombosis: a case report. Afr J Urol. 27(1):86, 2021
                                  2. Orlowski HLP et al: Imaging spectrum of invasive fungal and fungal-like infections. Radiographics. 37(4):1119-34, 2017
                                  3. Meng XC et al: Renal aspergillosis after liver transplantation: clinical and imaging manifestations in two cases. World J Gastroenterol. 20(48):18495-502, 2014
                                  4. Merchant S et al: Tuberculosis of the genitourinary system-urinary tract tuberculosis: renal tuberculosis-Part I. Indian J Radiol Imaging. 23(1):46-63, 2013
                                  5. Sadegi BJ et al: Primary renal candidiasis: importance of imaging and clinical history in diagnosis and management. J Ultrasound Med. 28(4):507-14, 2009
                                  6. Craig WD et al: Pyelonephritis: radiologic-pathologic review. Radiographics. 28(1):255-77; quiz 327-8, 2008
                                  7. Oosten AW et al: Bilateral renal aspergillosis in a patient with AIDS: a case report and review of reported cases. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 22(1):1-6, 2008
                                  8. Symeonidou C et al: Imaging and histopathologic features of HIV-related renal disease. RadioGraphics 28: 1339-54; 2008
                                  9. Dyer RB et al: Classic signs in uroradiology. Radiographics. 24 Suppl 1:S247-80, 2004
                                  10. Morello FA Jr et al: Removal of renal fungus balls using a mechanical thrombectomy device. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 178(5):1191-3, 2002
                                  11. Poll LW et al: CT appearance of a renal aspergilloma in a patient with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Urol Int. 62(2):110-3, 1999
                                  12. Kawashima A et al: CT of renal inflammatory disease. Radiographics. 17: 851-66, 1997
                                  13. Martinez-Jabaloyas J et al: Renal aspergillosis and AIDS. Eur Urol. 27(2):167-9, 1995
                                  14. Santos J et al: Isolated renal mucormycosis in two AIDS patients. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 13(5):430-2, 1994
                                  15. Irby PB et al: Fungal bezoars of the upper urinary tract. J Urol. 143(3):447-51, 1990
                                  16. Lubat E et al: Extrapulmonary Pneumocystis carinii infection in AIDS: CT findings. Radiology. 174(1):157-60, 1990
                                  17. Doemeny JM et al: Percutaneous extraction of renal fungus ball. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 150(6):1331-2, 1988