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Oral Cavity Lymphatic Malformation
Bronwyn E. Hamilton, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Abbreviations

                • Lymphatic malformation (LM)
              • Synonyms

                • Lymphangioma, cystic hygroma
              • Definitions

                • Congenital malformation with lymphatic features
                • May be part of venolymphatic (mixed) malformation
                  • Distinguishing LM from venous malformation has treatment implications

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                • Microscopic Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Treatment

                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Renton JP et al: Current treatment paradigms in the management of lymphatic malformations. Laryngoscope. 121(1):56-9, 2011
                                            2. Gloviczki P et al: Vascular malformations: an update. Perspect Vasc Surg Endovasc Ther. 21(2):133-48, 2009
                                            3. Hong JP et al: Giant lymphangioma of the tongue. J Craniofac Surg. 20(1):252-4, 2009
                                            4. Wiegand S et al: Microcystic lymphatic malformations of the tongue: diagnosis, classification, and treatment. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 135(10):976-83, 2009
                                            5. Edwards PD et al: Lymphatic malformation of the lingual base and oral floor. Plast Reconstr Surg. 115(7):1906-15, 2005
                                            6. Macdonald AJ et al: Giant ranula of the neck: differentiation from cystic hygroma. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 24(4):757-61, 2003
                                            7. Rowley H et al: Management of a giant lymphatic malformation of the tongue. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 128(2):190-4, 2002
                                            8. Davies D et al: Localized microcystic lymphatic malformations--ultrasound diagnosis. Pediatr Dermatol. 16(6):423-9, 1999
                                            9. Koeller KK et al: Congenital cystic masses of the neck: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 19(1):121-46; quiz 152-3, 1999
                                            10. Brennan TD et al: Lymphangiomas of the oral cavity: a clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and electron-microscopic study. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 55(9):932-5, 1997
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Pathology

                                                    • Clinical Issues

                                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Abbreviations

                                                          • Lymphatic malformation (LM)
                                                        • Synonyms

                                                          • Lymphangioma, cystic hygroma
                                                        • Definitions

                                                          • Congenital malformation with lymphatic features
                                                          • May be part of venolymphatic (mixed) malformation
                                                            • Distinguishing LM from venous malformation has treatment implications

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • CT Findings

                                                            • MR Findings

                                                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                                    • General Features

                                                                      • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                          • Microscopic Features

                                                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                            • Presentation

                                                                              • Demographics

                                                                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                  • Treatment

                                                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Renton JP et al: Current treatment paradigms in the management of lymphatic malformations. Laryngoscope. 121(1):56-9, 2011
                                                                                      2. Gloviczki P et al: Vascular malformations: an update. Perspect Vasc Surg Endovasc Ther. 21(2):133-48, 2009
                                                                                      3. Hong JP et al: Giant lymphangioma of the tongue. J Craniofac Surg. 20(1):252-4, 2009
                                                                                      4. Wiegand S et al: Microcystic lymphatic malformations of the tongue: diagnosis, classification, and treatment. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 135(10):976-83, 2009
                                                                                      5. Edwards PD et al: Lymphatic malformation of the lingual base and oral floor. Plast Reconstr Surg. 115(7):1906-15, 2005
                                                                                      6. Macdonald AJ et al: Giant ranula of the neck: differentiation from cystic hygroma. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 24(4):757-61, 2003
                                                                                      7. Rowley H et al: Management of a giant lymphatic malformation of the tongue. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 128(2):190-4, 2002
                                                                                      8. Davies D et al: Localized microcystic lymphatic malformations--ultrasound diagnosis. Pediatr Dermatol. 16(6):423-9, 1999
                                                                                      9. Koeller KK et al: Congenital cystic masses of the neck: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 19(1):121-46; quiz 152-3, 1999
                                                                                      10. Brennan TD et al: Lymphangiomas of the oral cavity: a clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and electron-microscopic study. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 55(9):932-5, 1997