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Other Deep Gray Nuclei
Lubdha M. Shah, MD; Karen L. Salzman, MD
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IMAGING ANATOMY

  • Overview

    ANATOMY IMAGING ISSUES

    • Imaging Recommendations

      • Imaging Pitfalls

        CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS

        • Clinical Importance

          Selected References

          1. An H et al: Quantifying iron deposition within the substantia nigra of Parkinson's disease by quantitative susceptibility mapping. J Neurol Sci. 386:46-52, 2018
          2. Du G et al: Distinct progression pattern of susceptibility MRI in the substantia nigra of Parkinson's patients. Mov Disord. 33(9):1423-31, 2018
          3. Meijer FJA et al: Clinical application of brain MRI in the diagnostic work-up of Parkinsonism. J Parkinsons Dis. 7(2):211-7, 2017
          4. Telford R et al: MR anatomy of deep brain nuclei with special reference to specific diseases and deep brain stimulation localization. Neuroradiol J. 27(1):29-43, 2014
          5. Krebs RM et al: Novelty increases the mesolimbic functional connectivity of the substantia nigra/ventral tegmental area (SN/VTA) during reward anticipation: evidence from high-resolution fMRI. Neuroimage. 58(2):647-55, 2011
          6. Schliebs R et al: The cholinergic system in aging and neuronal degeneration. Behav Brain Res. 221(2):555-63, 2011
          7. Keren NI et al: In vivo mapping of the human locus coeruleus. Neuroimage. 47(4):1261-7, 2009
          8. Nioche C et al: Functional connectivity of the human red nucleus in the brain resting state at 3T. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 30(2):396-403, 2009
          9. Samuels ER et al: Functional neuroanatomy of the noradrenergic locus coeruleus: its roles in the regulation of arousal and autonomic function part I: principles of functional organisation. Curr Neuropharmacol. 6(3):235-53, 2008
          10. Samuels ER et al: Functional neuroanatomy of the noradrenergic locus coeruleus: its roles in the regulation of arousal and autonomic function part II: physiological and pharmacological manipulations and pathological alterations of locus coeruleus activity in humans. Curr Neuropharmacol. 6(3):254-85, 2008
          11. Korczyn AD et al: Dementia with Lewy bodies. J Neurol Sci. 248(1-2):3-8, 2006
          12. Crick FC et al: What is the function of the claustrum? Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 360(1458):1271-9, 2005
          13. Hanyu H et al: MR analysis of the substantia innominata in normal aging, Alzheimer disease, and other types of dementia. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 23(1):27-32, 2002
          Related Anatomy
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          Related Differential Diagnoses
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          References
          Tables

          Tables

          IMAGING ANATOMY

          • Overview

            ANATOMY IMAGING ISSUES

            • Imaging Recommendations

              • Imaging Pitfalls

                CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS

                • Clinical Importance

                  Selected References

                  1. An H et al: Quantifying iron deposition within the substantia nigra of Parkinson's disease by quantitative susceptibility mapping. J Neurol Sci. 386:46-52, 2018
                  2. Du G et al: Distinct progression pattern of susceptibility MRI in the substantia nigra of Parkinson's patients. Mov Disord. 33(9):1423-31, 2018
                  3. Meijer FJA et al: Clinical application of brain MRI in the diagnostic work-up of Parkinsonism. J Parkinsons Dis. 7(2):211-7, 2017
                  4. Telford R et al: MR anatomy of deep brain nuclei with special reference to specific diseases and deep brain stimulation localization. Neuroradiol J. 27(1):29-43, 2014
                  5. Krebs RM et al: Novelty increases the mesolimbic functional connectivity of the substantia nigra/ventral tegmental area (SN/VTA) during reward anticipation: evidence from high-resolution fMRI. Neuroimage. 58(2):647-55, 2011
                  6. Schliebs R et al: The cholinergic system in aging and neuronal degeneration. Behav Brain Res. 221(2):555-63, 2011
                  7. Keren NI et al: In vivo mapping of the human locus coeruleus. Neuroimage. 47(4):1261-7, 2009
                  8. Nioche C et al: Functional connectivity of the human red nucleus in the brain resting state at 3T. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 30(2):396-403, 2009
                  9. Samuels ER et al: Functional neuroanatomy of the noradrenergic locus coeruleus: its roles in the regulation of arousal and autonomic function part I: principles of functional organisation. Curr Neuropharmacol. 6(3):235-53, 2008
                  10. Samuels ER et al: Functional neuroanatomy of the noradrenergic locus coeruleus: its roles in the regulation of arousal and autonomic function part II: physiological and pharmacological manipulations and pathological alterations of locus coeruleus activity in humans. Curr Neuropharmacol. 6(3):254-85, 2008
                  11. Korczyn AD et al: Dementia with Lewy bodies. J Neurol Sci. 248(1-2):3-8, 2006
                  12. Crick FC et al: What is the function of the claustrum? Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 360(1458):1271-9, 2005
                  13. Hanyu H et al: MR analysis of the substantia innominata in normal aging, Alzheimer disease, and other types of dementia. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 23(1):27-32, 2002