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Otosyphilis
Troy A. Hutchins, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Luetic labyrinthitis, osteitis, & meningitis
              • Definitions

                • Sexually transmitted inner ear disease caused by bacterium spirochete Treponema pallidum

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Ogungbemi A et al: Computed tomography features of luetic osteitis (otosyphilis) of the temporal bone. J Laryngol Otol. 128(2):185-8, 2014
                                          2. Phillips JS et al: Otosyphilis: a neglected diagnosis? Otol Neurotol. 35(6):1011-3, 2014
                                          3. Mishra S et al: Otosyphilis in HIV-coinfected individuals: a case series from Toronto, Canada. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 22(3):213-9, 2008
                                          4. Yimtae K et al: Otosyphilis: a review of 85 cases. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 136(1):67-71, 2007
                                          5. García-Berrocal JR et al: Otosyphilis mimics immune disorders of the inner ear. Acta Otolaryngol. 126(7):679-84, 2006
                                          6. Sonne JE et al: Manifestations of otosyphilis as visualized with computed tomography. Otol Neurotol. 23(5):806-7, 2002
                                          7. Smith MM et al: Neurosyphilis as a cause of facial and vestibulocochlear nerve dysfunction: MR imaging features. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 21(9):1673-5, 2000
                                          8. Fayad JN et al: Temporal bone histopathology case of the month: otosyphilis. Am J Otol. 20(2):259-60, 1999
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Synonyms

                                                        • Luetic labyrinthitis, osteitis, & meningitis
                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • Sexually transmitted inner ear disease caused by bacterium spirochete Treponema pallidum

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                    • Microscopic Features

                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Ogungbemi A et al: Computed tomography features of luetic osteitis (otosyphilis) of the temporal bone. J Laryngol Otol. 128(2):185-8, 2014
                                                                                  2. Phillips JS et al: Otosyphilis: a neglected diagnosis? Otol Neurotol. 35(6):1011-3, 2014
                                                                                  3. Mishra S et al: Otosyphilis in HIV-coinfected individuals: a case series from Toronto, Canada. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 22(3):213-9, 2008
                                                                                  4. Yimtae K et al: Otosyphilis: a review of 85 cases. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 136(1):67-71, 2007
                                                                                  5. García-Berrocal JR et al: Otosyphilis mimics immune disorders of the inner ear. Acta Otolaryngol. 126(7):679-84, 2006
                                                                                  6. Sonne JE et al: Manifestations of otosyphilis as visualized with computed tomography. Otol Neurotol. 23(5):806-7, 2002
                                                                                  7. Smith MM et al: Neurosyphilis as a cause of facial and vestibulocochlear nerve dysfunction: MR imaging features. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 21(9):1673-5, 2000
                                                                                  8. Fayad JN et al: Temporal bone histopathology case of the month: otosyphilis. Am J Otol. 20(2):259-60, 1999