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Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome
Karen Y. Oh, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Abbreviations

                • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS)
              • Definitions

                • Clinical syndrome generally associated with ovulation induction
                  • Hyperstimulated, enlarged ovaries
                  • Increased vascular permeability
                    • Ascites
                    • ± pleural effusion

              IMAGING

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Mathur RS et al: British fertility society policy and practice committee: prevention of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. Hum Fertil (Camb). 17(4):257-68, 2014
                                    2. Nastri CO et al: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome: physiopathology, staging, prediction and prevention. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. ePub, 2014
                                    3. Thornton KG et al: Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome and Arterial Stroke. Stroke. ePub, 2014
                                    4. Baron KT et al: Emergent complications of assisted reproduction: expecting the unexpected. Radiographics. 33(1):229-44, 2013
                                    5. Tan BK et al: Management of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome guidelines. Produced on behalf of the BFS Policy and Practice Committee. Hum Fertil (Camb). 16(3):160-1, 2013
                                    6. Kumar P et al: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. J Hum Reprod Sci. 4(2):70-5, 2011
                                    7. Nastri CO et al: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome: pathophysiology and prevention. J Assist Reprod Genet. 27(2-3):121-8, 2010
                                    8. Zivi E et al: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome: definition, incidence, and classification. Semin Reprod Med. 28(6):441-7, 2010
                                    9. Bartkova A et al: Acute ischaemic stroke in pregnancy: a severe complication of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. Neurol Sci. 29(6):463-6, 2008
                                    10. Kim IY et al: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. US and CT appearances. Clin Imaging. 21(4):284-6, 1997
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Pathology

                                            • Clinical Issues

                                              • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                TERMINOLOGY

                                                • Abbreviations

                                                  • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS)
                                                • Definitions

                                                  • Clinical syndrome generally associated with ovulation induction
                                                    • Hyperstimulated, enlarged ovaries
                                                    • Increased vascular permeability
                                                      • Ascites
                                                      • ± pleural effusion

                                                IMAGING

                                                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                  • MR Findings

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                            • Presentation

                                                              • Demographics

                                                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                  • Treatment

                                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Mathur RS et al: British fertility society policy and practice committee: prevention of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. Hum Fertil (Camb). 17(4):257-68, 2014
                                                                      2. Nastri CO et al: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome: physiopathology, staging, prediction and prevention. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. ePub, 2014
                                                                      3. Thornton KG et al: Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome and Arterial Stroke. Stroke. ePub, 2014
                                                                      4. Baron KT et al: Emergent complications of assisted reproduction: expecting the unexpected. Radiographics. 33(1):229-44, 2013
                                                                      5. Tan BK et al: Management of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome guidelines. Produced on behalf of the BFS Policy and Practice Committee. Hum Fertil (Camb). 16(3):160-1, 2013
                                                                      6. Kumar P et al: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. J Hum Reprod Sci. 4(2):70-5, 2011
                                                                      7. Nastri CO et al: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome: pathophysiology and prevention. J Assist Reprod Genet. 27(2-3):121-8, 2010
                                                                      8. Zivi E et al: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome: definition, incidence, and classification. Semin Reprod Med. 28(6):441-7, 2010
                                                                      9. Bartkova A et al: Acute ischaemic stroke in pregnancy: a severe complication of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. Neurol Sci. 29(6):463-6, 2008
                                                                      10. Kim IY et al: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. US and CT appearances. Clin Imaging. 21(4):284-6, 1997